The 1940 census started April 1, 1940 from What day was the census taken each decade? at the United States Census Bureau. On April 2, 1940 Robert Hiss, the census enumerator, started recording the 16th U.S. Federal Census in Aboite Township. Unlike for the 1790-1930 census - the Internet Archive does not have the 1940 census on microfilm online. It is available for Free for Allen County at our ACGSI page and the entire U.S Federal census is at Find My Past.
See the 1940 Overview atthe United States Census Bureau.
The decennial census has always required a large workforce to visit and collect data from households. Between 1790 to 1870, the duty of collecting census data fell upon the U.S. Marshals. A March 3, 1879 act replaced the U.S. Marshals with specially hired and trained census-takers to conduct the 1880 and subsequent censuses.
During the early censuses, U.S. Marshalls received little training or instruction on how to collect census data. In fact, it was not until 1830 that marshals even received printed shedules on which to record households' responses. The marshals often received limited instruction from the census acts passed prior to each census.
Beginning with the 1880 census, specially hired and trained census-takers replaced the U.S. marshals. Door-to-door census by temporary census-takers was the primary method of conducting the census until the U.S. Census Bureau began mailing questionnaires to households in 1960.
As more and more households received and returned their questionnaires by mail, the role of census-taker changed. Today, the majority of households are counted by mailed questionnaires. Census-takers visit places frequented by transient households (shelters and soup kitchens, campsites, etc.) and households that do not return their mailed questionnaires (during the "Nonresponse Follow-Up" phase of the census). As a result, the "Instructions to Enumerators" provided here include the congressional acts U.S. marshalls reviewed during the early census, specially-published instructions for door-to-door census, and lastly, guides used for the limited number of personal interviews conducted during nonresponse follow-up operations.
Copied from the Census Intructions at the United States Census Bureau that has the 1940 Instructions.
Alphabetical Name List for 1940 Census
ACGSI.org has an alphabetical surname list with image links of the Allen County Census, 1940 - View Census Records by Name for every Allen County, Indiana resident.Back to top
Back to top Links to Online Census Records
The 16th census is the first digital census available online from the National Archives. The 1940 census indexing volunteers started April 4, 2012 and finished just 5 months later on August 4, 2012 and the last 5 states were posted by August 21, 2014 !
- ACGSI.org has an alphabetical surname list of the Allen County Census, 1940 - View Census Records by Name for every Allen County, Indiana resident.
- Ancestry.com blank 1940 census part 1 and part 2
- Ancestry.com Census Search - and celebrities
- Cyndi's List of links for 1940 Census
- FamilyLink.com 1940 Census Images
- FamilySearch Wiki 1940 Census Information
- FamilySearch Browse 1940 Census by Township
- Search U.S. Census Index
- FamilySearch Wiki for Indiana Census 1807 - 1940 links organized by year to various online census records.
- FindMyPast.com Free US Census 1940 a different search page
- Indiana Genenealogical Society Indiana in the 1940 Census - some quick facts about Indiana in 1940 March 20, 2012 blog
- The Journal Gazette newspaper '40 census fills gaps in house’s story 145-year-old home once belonged to early city leader Franklin Randall April 29, 2012 by Dan Stockman.
- Journal Gazette Tennis great among 1 million blacks missed by ’40 census 1 million black uncounted in 1940 May 21, 2012 Associated Press newspaper article
- My Heritage.com 1940 Census Images
- The National Archives 1940 Blank Federal Census Form
- The National Archives 1940 Census Records - information
- The National Archives 1940 Census - Official Government 1940 Census Website to start your search!
- The National Archives 1940 Federal Population Census General Information page
- The National Archives Enumeration Districts - know the 1940 address - use the Steve Morse ED maps below locate the correct ED number
- The National Archives Research Our Records 1940 census information
- Steve Morse How to Access the 1940 Census in One Step
- Steve Morse Unified 1940 Census ED Finder know the address, find the Enumeration District - use map images
- Steve Morse More Census Tools
- the1940census.com The 1940 Census.com - joint project Archives.com, FamilySearch, findmypast.com
- the1940census.com 1940 News and Events
- the1940census.com What Is The 1940 US Census Minute? - “There should be a return on the Population schedule for each person alive at the beginning of the Census Day, i.e., 12:01 a.m. on April 1, 1940. Thus, persons who died after 12:01 a.m. should be enumerated; and infants born after 12:01 a.m. on April 1, 1940, should not be enumerated.”
- United States Census Bureau 1940 Census Information
- No USGenWeb 1940 Census transcription or indexing