Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution mandates a Census of the population every 10 years. President James Madison summary debate on the 1790 Census Bill January 25, 1790 stated it was to tell the number of military-age men in the country. See image September 17, 2014 on United States Census Bureau Facebook page. The
72-Year Rule at the United States Census Bureau discusses the laws which restricts publis access to 72 years after each decennial census. Famous and Infamous Census Records also at the United States Census Bureau. In the 21st century, we hear the reason for the census is to decide which states gain or lose representatives in the House of Representatives, especially as the population moves around from state to state. See Congress Counts: History of the US Census on The National Archives Prologue: Pieces of History blog. For more information read Thanks to our Congress by Judy G. Russell posted March 12, 2015 on The Legal Genealogist blog.
See What day was the census taken each decade? at the United States Census Bureau.
[Source: U.S. Census Bureau]
Indiana Territory was established from the Old Northwest Territory in 1800. Michigan Territory was separated in 1805 and Illinois Territory in 1809. Indiana Counties: Knox County formed in 1790, Clark County in 1801 and Dearborn County in 1803. In 1806 the General Assembly of the Indiana Territory passed a resolution to enable the Governor of this territory, for equal representation to the general assembly. The sheriffs of the counties of Dearborn, Clark, Knox and Randolph (Illinois). Take a list of all the free males 21 years and older, and return the list to the secretary of the state on or before the June 1st 1807. There are no known copies of the Clark County census taken in 1806; there are copies of the voters list for this county for the same year. Dearborn County included an area from Fort Recovery, Ohio southwest to Madison,Indiana, including all or part of current Wayne, Franklin, Union, Fayette, Dearborn, Ohio, Rush and Switzerland Counties. There is a 57 page book: Census of Indiana Territory for 1807 at the Allen County Public Library. See 1807 Indiana Territory Census list of names by Karen Creamer, Census Schedule 1807 by John Minneman, 1807 Dearborn Co, Indiana Territory Census Schedule at INGenWeb and 1807 Knox County Census of Indiana Territory at GenealogyTrails.com.
On August 29, 1814, the Indiana Territorial Legislature adopted a resolution requiring a census of the "free inhabitants" of the territory, which excluded Native Americans and enslaved African Americans. In 1812, the U.S. Congress recommended that the territory's population be at least 35,000 as a qualification for statehood. The census, completed in 1815, enumerated the population of Indiana at 63,897. Learn more about Indiana's road to Indiana Statehoodon IN.gov copied August 29, 2017 with census image from Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.
December 11, 1816, James Madison the 4th President of the United States admitted Indiana as the 19th state of the union, so the earliest federal census will be the 1807 Territorial Census currently found on Ancestry.com by subscription. The Indiana Bicentennial and Allen County Bicentennial Commission were formed for the bicentennial. More bicentennial information can be found on our Indiana Bicentennial page.
Allen County, Indiana was
organized December 17, 1823 from Delaware and Randolph counties; and officially formed as a county April 1, 1824, so there are no Federal Census records for Allen County, Indiana before 1830. Allen County residents might be found in either Delaware or Randolph County in the 1820 Federal Census.
More than half a million people call northeast Indiana and northwest Ohio home. ... Of the more than 100 cities and towns in the 13 counties surrounding Fort Wayne, nearly half of them have fewer than 1,000 residents.
Copied from JG posts census demographics for area localities by Ron Shawgo published May 20, 2012 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
Allen County passed another milestone last year  – 360,000 residents – largely from having more births than deaths, not from gaining new residents. Copied fromAllen County population hits 360,000 by Ron Shawgo published March 14, 2013 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
Most census records are available locally on microfilm at the Genealogy Center in the Allen County Public Library shown on their Census Records on Microtext page. Many census records are now online, but not all, as digitized images of the NARA microfilm formerly found only in libraries and research facilities. Many indexes are also online. In some instances, transcriptions are online. Our pages link to several different online sources. If you find something missing, please Contact Allen INGenWeb.Back to top
ACGSI Census Records
- 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 Manufacturing Schedules on ACGSI.org
- 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 Mortality Schedules on ACGSI.org
- 1910 Population Schedule Index - Allen County on ACGSI.org
- Allen County African-American Census 1840-1900
every-name abstracts of the 1840 through 1900 federal censuses of Allen County, Indiana (population schedules). These censuses were abstracted by Margery Graham, a Genealogy Center volunteer and member of the Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana, Inc.at The Genealogy Center at the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- Enumeration District maps for 1900-1940 at FamilySearch.org pages 691 - 715 of 742 pages - appears to be recorded backwards. Page 715 is overview map of all ED's.
Census Mortality Schedules for Indiana
- 1850 Indiana Mortality Schedule Index or browse 19 Allen County page images on film #004206511 at FamilySearch
- 1860 Indiana Mortality Schedule - browse film #007833999 at FamilySearch
- 1870 Indiana Mortality Schedule - browse film #007834000 at FamilySearch
- 1880 Indiana Mortality Schedule - browse film #007834002 at FamilySearch
- Search U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885 at Ancestry.com.
- Revolutionary War veteran or Military Service Pension Lists: 1813 Indiana Territory, 1820 Indiana Territory, and 1840 Indiana Census of Pensioners and Indiana Pensioners Of Revolutionary War Struck Off The Roll February 25, 1836 on New Horizons Genealogical Services.
- The first census? Population count from 1780's discovered in an old ledger by Frederick Wertz published June 5, 2016 on FindMyPast.com.
- Over 670 rolls of microfilm of Indian Census of the United States - 1885-1940 from The Genealogy Center at the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana are at the Internet Archive.
- Census Academy webinars at Census.gov.
- Census Instructions for each census since 1790 at the United States Census Bureau
- Dear Census Taker: Read the Instructions by Amy Johnson Crow posted July 21, 2014 on Ancestry.com blog explains the importance of understanding what is recorded on each census which was different each decade.
- List of Occupations on Census.gov
- Northeast Indiana and northwest Ohio census data organized by county from "jgdata.net."
- Indiana Census 1807 - 1940 on FamilySearch Wiki - adopted by Indiana Genealogical Society has links, organized by year, to various online census records
- 1807 Knox County Census of Indiana Territory on GenealogyTrails.com
- Allen County, Indiana Federal Census Index - on us-census.org, shows NARA microfilm roll numbers. 1830 and 1840 are transcribed, 1850 and 1900 assigned, the rest waits for volunteers for indexing. Robert E. Lane Coordinator.
- 137 years of Popular Science magazine is online - you can search their archive . A search for census finds 225 pages.
- Search guide: US Census by Frederick Wertz published June 5, 2016 on FindMyPast.com.
- USGenWeb Census Project - Indiana Links - Territory in 1800, State in 1816 - Michelle Pesola Coordinator.
Lots of good census information for each decade on Overview of the U.S. Census on Ancestry.com This article originally appeared in "Census Records" by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright in The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy.
From 1890 to 1940 southern Indiana was the center of the United States population from the U.S. Census Bureau Center of Population and Territorial Expansion, 1790-2010on census.gov.
Allen County has shown a population increase every decade from 6,500 to 48,000 per decade from 1910 to 2010 from the U.S. Census Bureau Population Change by Decade, 1910-2010.
The U.S. Census Bureau shows changes in Top Languages Other than English Spoken in 1980 and Changes in Relative Rank, 1990-2010 and their U.S. and World Population Clock shows the most recent national population estimates.
State Censuses are listed for Indiana for the years: 1807, 1853, 1857, 1871, 1877, 1883, 1889, 1901, 1913, 1919, 1931 at the United States Census Bureau.
Population Census of the United States at Internet Archive
- 1st Population Census of the United States - 1790
- 2nd Population Census of the United States - 1800
- 3rd Population Census of the United States - 1810
- 4th Population Census of the United States - 1820
- 5th Population Census of the United States - 1830
- 6th Population Census of the United States - 1840
- 7th Population Census of the United States - 1850
- 8th Population Census of the United States - 1860
- 9th Population Census of the United States - 1870
- 10th Population Census of the United States - 1880
- 12th Population Census of the United States - 1900
- 13th Population Census of the United States - 1910
- 14th Population Census of the United States - 1920
- 15th Population Census of the United States - 1930
Agricultural schedule provides details about farms, number of animals and amount of crops produced. Manufacturing schedules provide details of how many people involved and what kind of machines and raw materials used. The The National Archives has an intro page Nonpopulation Census Records . The Census Bureau PDF explains what's on the agricultural schedules. Non-population schedules were not microfilmed by the National Archives, instead were kept on the state level, such as the Indiana State Archives in charge of the originals and microfilm copies given to the Indiana State Library in Indianapolis and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne. A majority of these schedules are available on microfilm in the Genealogy Center. To locate these schedules, one can search their Microtext Catalog under the Census Records category https://www.genealogycenter.info/search_microtext.php. The Genealogy Center has most of Indiana’s schedules on microfilm, but they are not accessible online.
The Indiana State Archives has these nonpopulation censuses for Indiana:
- Agriculture: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880
- Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes: 1880
- Industry/Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880
- Social Statistics: 1850, 1860, 1870
- Mortality Schedules: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880
More Census Information
- 5 Hidden Clues in the US Census by Amy Johnson Crow posted April 6, 2018 on her blog. Read about: 1. 1940 Census: The X in the Circle, 2. 1910 Census: Civil War Service, 3. 1840 Census: Military Pensioners, 4. 1880 Census: Disabilities 5. 1850-1870 Census: Agriculture and Manufacturers.
- Free access to all US Federal Census Records on FindMyPast.com.
- 1790 - 1930 Federal Census FREE online at Internet Archive scanned from our local Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center. They don't have an index, but they are scrollable from beginning to end of the original microfilm so is much easier to survey neighbors and neighborhoods. Try using with the Steve Morse search tool below, FamilySearch or Ancestry.com census indexes.
- Indiana Census, 1790-1890 Ancestry.com
1790 (Northwest Territory) Federal Census Index; 1807 State Census Index; 1810 Wayne County Census Index; 1812 Census Index; 1820 Federal Census Index; 1830 Federal Census Index; 1840 Federal Census Index; 1840 Pensioners List; 1850 Federal Census Index; 1860 Federal Census Index; 1870 Federal Census Index; 1890 Veterans Schedule.
- 1790-1940 blank Census forms - on Ancestry.com easily read what was requested on the original forms, print and fill in as needed free
- 1790 - 1940 Federal Census Searchusing the tool Searching the US Census by Name in One Step by Steve Morse searches by name, age, parents, geographic region, etc. - subscription is needed, but will show name is in the census.
- 1790-1890 Federal Population Censuses Catalog of NARA (National Archives Records Administration) Microfilm
- Census History - Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000 - pdf version at United States Census Bureau
- 2010 Federal Census numbers hover over results on a Google map
- 10 Census Questions That Lead to More Answers - Ancestry.com
- Census of Population and Housing 1790 through 2010 at the United States Census Bureau
- Charts and Forms for census and more from Rootsweb
- Enumeration District Maps for the Twelfth through the Sixteenth US Censuses, 1900-1940 at FamilySearch.
- French immigrants in Allen County, Indiana, 1850-1870 compiled from the population schedules for the 7th, 8th, and 9th, censuses of the U.S. for Allen County, Indiana (1850-1870) : names edited and indexed, call number: 977.201 AL5BA at The Genealogy Center at the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana
- How to Find Enumeration District Maps by Lisa Louise Cookes published April 2, 2014 on Genealogy Gems blog.
- History of Enumeration Procedures, 1790-1940 - Minnesota Population Center
- How to Use NARA's Census Microfilm Catalogs from the The National Archives.
- Indian Census of the United States - 1885-1940 on Internet Archive.
- Indiana Census Records at IN.gov lists years available and format available - including the first 1807 Territorial Census in book format
- Languages - 14 Maps That Show What Languages People Speak In The U.S.
The Census Bureau maps show the areas of the United States where large concentrations of people speak a language at home other than English.August 6, 2013 on BuzzFeed.
- Maps for U.S. Federal Census Schedules on USGenWeb
- Names: How to Tell Someone’s Age When All You Know Is Her Name by Nate Silver and Allison McCann published May 29, 2014 on FiveEightThirty.com.
- Names: How Popular is Your Last Name? Find out by entering your surname into a searchable database of more than 150,000 last names.
- Names: Top 10 Baby Names by year on Social Security.com.
- National Archives Census Resources and Links - information on every census since 1790 to the present
- Northwest Territory at USGenWeb says no Federal census in 1790.
- Popular Science Magazine online Census Search Results
- Special Census schedules are available on microfilm in the reading room at the Indiana State Archives Census Records The State Archives does not have copies of the regular Federal Census.
- Understanding Geographic Relationships: Counties, Places, Tracts and More by Katy Rossiter posted July 31, 2014 on the United States Census Bureau blog. Geography is the basis for taking a census and tabulating census data.
- United States Census records at Internet Archive.
- United States Federal Census Pathfinder - 2012 pdf lists many census resources by Michael Hiat CG
- When the Census Taker Gets it Wrong from the FamilySearch blog published December 19, 2012.
- Act Now to Save the 2020 Census by Dick Eastman published August 14, 2017 on Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter The Daily Online Genealogy Newsletter.