Kekionga, Miamitown, Three Rivers, The Portage and Fort Wayne are names given by the Indians, the French, the British, and finally the Americans. There is a book Five Forts by John Ankenbruck, 1972, The News Publishing Co., Fort Wayne, Indiana 48601.
Five forts were built all located within a square mile of the center of the current city of Fort Wayne. The current fort is a replica of the 1815 "Whistler's Fort." The reason for the first fort was to protect the fur trade.
October 22, 1794
Fort Wayne was dedicated. Following General Anthony Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, the Legion of the United States under Wayne's command moved into present-day Indiana. Wayne selected a site for a fort at the Miami town of Kekionga. The site was strategically and militarily located at the confluence of the St. Joseph, St. Marys, and Maumee rivers. Wayne sought to exert American influence and control in the region over the claims of indigenous peoples and the British. Major John F. Hamtramck was placed in command of 100 soldiers stationed at the fort. Learn more about Fort Wayne here: Anthony Wayne’s fort by ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage) which includes a location map from page 138 of Griswold's Pictorial History of Fort Wayne, Indiana. An October 22, 2018 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook included the image above that shows "A Reproduction of the Only Existing Original Drawing of Old Fort Wayne Made by Major Whistler in 1816" on page 156 in Griswold's book. See Fort Wayne Facts on City of Fort Wayne and October 22, 2015 post by Indiana Bicentennial Commission on Facebook. Gen. Anthony Wayne helped the nation grow west by Richard Battin published January 24, 1994 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.
Historic Fort Wayne
Reconstructed fort on Spy Run Avenue near downtown Fort Wayne across the St. Marys River from Headwaters Park. The History page on their web site: oldfortwayne.org briefly describes the various forts built near the three rivers. The bottom section titled The Reconstructed Fort states:
This project began in 1964 when Historic Fort Wayne Inc. was established and started planning a reconstruction of the Fort, using Major Whistler’s 1814 drawings. After much fundraising, they purchased property in the late 1960’s and sought a fort builder. Lok-N-Logs Inc., a log home company in Sherburne, New York, took on the unusual project, constructing the Fort first in New York, then transporting it to Indiana, where it was reassembled. It officially opened shortly before July 4, 1976, to celebrate the nation’s Bicentennial, and remained open daily until the early 1990’s. Historic Fort Wayne Inc. disbanded in 1989, and the current Historic Fort Wayne, Inc. was formed in 2004 as a volunteer effort to preserve the Fort. Though they share a name, the two groups are not connected. Construction of the fort re-creation began in the summer of 1975. Work on the replica was not finished for its dedication June 5, 1976, but several hundred people turned out for the festivities. See the articles Historic Fort Wayne and Old Fort Wayne – Learn History In Person! by Louisa D. published June 8, 2015 on Visit Fort Wayne. See photos on Throwback Thursday: Old Fort published August 31, 2017 on The Journal Gazette newspaper. See their Facebook page - INFortWayne.com
YouTubeBicentennial Celebration at Historic Fort Wayne. See photos and discussion January 17, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook. 360 virtual photo tour on vpix.net. Photos of Old Fort Wishing Well posted August 6, 2017 and 1896 Fort Wayne watch fob photo discussed August 7, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.
- Anthony Wayne’s fort with audio: “Anthony Wayne’s fort” featuring Tom Castaldi. Courtesy of WBNI-Fort Wayne by ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage).
- Anthony Wayne's Fort - last of five forts built during Anthony Wayne's campaign against the Miami Confederacy in 1794 is disussed in Anthony Wayne's Fort as Stop #10 on the ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage) Central Downtown Trail.
- Last Two American Forts is Stop #11 on the ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage) Central Downtown Trail.
- Fort Wayne Fort including the 1795 map on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Map of Fort Wayne said to have been made on July 18, 1795, for General Anthony Wayne at the Library of Congress. "Fort Wayne ... the first American post, built in 1794 and named for Anthony Wayne after his victory at Fallen Timbers, was located across the St. Marys from the old Miami village of Kekionga and the remains of old Fort Miami, at the present intersection of Clay and Berry streets"--Ency. of Historic Forts, p. 281-282. See also General "Mad" Anthony Wayne.
- John Johnston - Letter from Fort Wayne, September 30, 1804 posted September 30, 2015 on Johnston Farm & Indian Agency on Facebook.
- The Old Fort - 1816: Frontier Fort to Statehood at The Genealogy Center .
- An 1852 daguerreotype photograph of a blockhouse from the old 1816-era fort is shown and discussed in The History Centery blog A Daguerreotype of the Fort by John Beatty October 28, 2010. Is also shown as a drawing in the book below.
- 1875 September 8 Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel has a short article hoping the city council will put the old fort property in good order by cleaning out the old well General Wayne ordered dug, as well as restoring a model of the fort, then landscaping and maintaing the property. No longer online, need to make a copy!
Merchant-Huxford House (520 Tennessee Ave.) is threatened with vacancy and decay. The house was the home of one of Fort Wayne's early mayors and legendarily contains timbers from the last fort in Fort Wayne.from Endangered structures, Archie winners named November 15, 2012.
- 1791 Map of Kekionga location by Ebenezer Denny 1761-1822 Osprey Publishing on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- 1795 Map of Fort Wayne location at the The Library of Congress
- Anthony Wayne’s fort by Tom Castaldi, local historian,on ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage).
- First Fort of the Fort by Tom Castaldi published October 9, 2014 in the History Center Notes & Queries blog.
- Second Fort from French to British by Tom Castaldi published November 13, 2014 in History Center Notes & Queries blog. Photos of historical marker of French fort location discussed November 5, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.
- Whistler and the Last Two American Forts at the Three Rivers by Tom Castaldi, local historian,published June 26, 2014 in the History Center Notes & Queries blog. Whistler’s Mother… Actually, Grandfather by Tom Castaldi, local historian,published May 19, 2016 on Indiana Historical Bureau blog.
- 1981 photos posted March 19, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.
- Indiana at 200 (5): Land of Three Rivers brief history of forts of Fort Wayne by Andrea Neal published August 12, 2013 on Indiana Policy.org.
- 2013, February 21 the old fort photos by Ashley Letourneau Photography blog
The last fort built here was constructed in 1816 by Maj. John Whistler about where Cinema Center stands now on East Berry Street. Today’s replica, built in 1976, is a copy of Whistler’s design.From Nonprofit makes history at old fort Builds on revival begun 9 years ago March 3, 2013 by Dan Stockman of The Journal Gazette newspaper
- The early history of Fort Wayne SUMMIT CITY HISTORY NOTES by Richard Battin published October 19, 1993 in The News-Sentinel newspaper. See A view of Fort Wayne in 1816 sketch posted June 2, 2016 on Historic Fort Wayne on Fort Wayne.
- The fort at the three rivers (1968) - Snow, Dorothea J., 1909-, "A project of Pi Chapter, Psi Iota Xi Sorority and the Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society in cooperation with the Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County."
- Fort Wayne, the frontier post - Roberts, Bessie K, reprint of her Historical Fort Wayne, 1682-1933 (1933)
- Historic Fort Wayne has a YouTube channel
- Fort Wayne History at Visit Fort Wayne.
- Fort Wayne on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Forts of Fort Wayne on Wikipedia
- Fort Wayne on FortWiki.com
- City of Fort Wayne wins All America City in 2009 for 3rd time, is in Hall of Fame for 1982 and 1998 sponsored by the National Civic League
- City of Fort Wayne celebrates April 12, 2008 as the million dollar winner in ABC's
- Learn about the Past at Fort Wayne’s Old Fort by Kayleen Reusser published April 11, 2015 on The Indiana Insider Blog.
- Model in 1976 punch out and assemble. Photos posted April 20, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.
- Kekionga on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Oprah's Big Give seen on Oprah.com
- Test Your Knowledge of the Fort Wayne Old Fort! posted by Louisa D. on July 29, 2016 the Visit Fort Wayne blog.
- The Old Council Housewas a large two-story log building built in 1804 for hosting the Native leaders by Tom Castaldi published January 30, 2014 and again June 12, 2014 in the History Center Notes & Queries blog.
- Video posted April 9, 2017 by Tom Mauger on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook
- Colonial America on the Frontier 1775 - 1783: Reenacting in Fort Wayne, Indiana by Historical Ken published August 7, 2017 on PassionForThePast blog.
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