Indians - Native Americans

Recent News

  1. City to recognize Native Americans Resolution in response to 'Mad' Anthony Day by Dave Gong published November 20, 2019 in The Journal Gazette newspaper. For more information on Anthony Wayne Day.
  2. When the Culture Wars Hit Fort Wayne A quiet Indiana city declared a holiday to celebrate its founder. In the age of Trump, nothing is ever that simple by Charlie Savage published July 31, 2020 on online news magazine. The Fort Wayne Native is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and Washington correspondent for The New York Times. He is also the author of Power Wars and Takeover.
  3. Buried Concerns by Charlie Savage published August 16, 2020 in The Journal Gazette newspaper. Charlie Savage is a Fort Wayne native and Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist discussing the 100s of Native Americans buried in the "Indian Burial Ground" located around the Little Turtle burial location now a small park surrounded by older homes built in the early 1900s. He has references to earlier newspaper articles that we hope to eventually add to this page and our Indian Burial Grounds page. This article was discussed on the ACGSI Facebook page August 16, 2020.
  4. The 2020 newspaper article Buried Concerns above has links to the newspaper articles and more used as sources online titled Spy Run burial grounds Links within the online pdf go to: 1903 Journal Gazette article p. 1; 1910 Fort Wayne News article p. 3; 1912 (March) Fort Wayne Sentinel article p. 4; 1912 (August) Journal Gazette article p. 6; 1923 Fort Wayne News-Sentinel article p. 7; 1912 (Sept) Indiana Quarterly Review of History article p. 8; 1959 Jacob Stouder compendium p. 13; 1960 JG article on Little Turtle Memorial dedication p. 26; 2016 FW History Center inventory of Little Turtle grave items p. 27; 2016 Federal Register notice of FW History Center intent to give grave items to Miami Tribe p. 30.

Native American/First Nations Research Published on November 1, 2018 by the Allen County Public Library on YouTube .
Presented by the Genealogy Center of the Allen County Public Library. This presentation provides an overview for the person beginning Native American genealogical research. Emphasis is placed on paying close attention to historical details, the major differences between Euro-American and Native American societies, and conducting research within the proper historical and geographic contexts. Major records groups are defined with an extensive bibliography provided.

Fort Vallonia Museum map
Fort Vallonia Museum photo

An Indiana Indian Territory map circa 1800 was posted by Mark Krebs July 7, 2012 on Facebook.

Genealogy Center Resources

A mission to the Indians, from the Indian committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting, to Fort Wayne, in 1804 by Hopkins, Gerard T; Baltimore Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends; Tyson, Martha Ellicott, 1795-1873 Publication date 1862 an ebook.

  1. Native American Gateway web site of the The Genealogy Center at the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana
  2. Native American Gateway discusses the web site by Dawne published March 14, 2012 on The Genealogy Center blog.
  3. Records of the Miami Indians of Indiana on The Genealogy Center website.
  4. Allen County Public Library Native and African American Online Resources by Roberta Estes published October 10, 2014 on her blog Native Heritage Project.
  5. American Indian Histories and Cultures database contains an extremely wide range of materials providing a good historical perspective and a unique look into the interactions between American Indians and Europeans from their earliest contact right up to the civil rights movement of the 1900s. This resource contains material from the Newberry Library’s extensive Edward E. Ayer Collection, one of the strongest archival collections on American Indian history in the world. It is a major asset for the Genealogy Center to have access to materials from this widely acclaimed Newberry Library collection. Indeed, the Ayer Collection as it is called, containing 130,000 volumes, over one million manuscript pages, 2,000 maps, 500 atlases, 11,000 photographs, and 3,500 drawings and paintings. Copied from the monthly ezine Genealogy Gems: News from the Allen County Public Library at Fort Wayne, No. 188, October 31, 2019. Copies online at Genealogy Gems.
  6. American Indian Newspapers database allows one to explore nearly two centuries of Indigenous print journalism from the U.S. and Canada. This collection has quite the variety of newspaper and journal publications covering information reported by and for Indigenous communities. More than 170,000 pages of newspapers are searchable through this resource. As with the previous collection, these images and associated database draw heavily from the collections of the Newberry Library. Copied from the monthly ezine Genealogy Gems: News from the Allen County Public Library at Fort Wayne, No. 188, October 31, 2019. Copies online at Genealogy Gems.

We have an Indian Burial Grounds page.

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Miami Indians

Miami Indian Heritage Days programs are held from 1-4 pm on the first Saturday of the month, May through November at the Chief Richardville House, 5705 Bluffton Road, Fort Wayne from History, Culture Intersect at Miami Indian Heritage Days on Fort Wayne Insider blog April 30, 2012 by Lauren.

  1. The Miami Indians of Indiana: A Persistent People, 1654–1994 by Stewart Rafert. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1996. Biblio has copies for sale in various condition.
  2. Miami Indians opening extension office in Fort Wayne by Alix Watson published January 16, 2015 on WANE-TV NewsChannel 15.
  3. CREO Cultural Resources Extension Office has two staff members and more information on the Fort Wayne office and 10 acres of land purchased in November 2015. Their website states: The (CREO) promotes the knowledge of myaamia history, language, culture, and traditions. The office forwards community development in the myaamia ancestral homelands through serving local Miami Tribal citizens in Indiana, working with local governments and organizations to maintain and protect our Tribal sovereignty and our cultural identity. The CREO forwards the goals of the Miami Nation in Indiana.
  4. Miami Nation of Indiana home of the CREO above has other links such as Miami Culture and History
  5. Miami Nation of Indiana and Miami people on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  6. Re-evaluating "The Fort-Wayne Manuscript": William Wells and the Manners and Customs of the Miami Nation a 31 page article by William Heath in Volume 106, Issue 2, June 2010 of the Indiana Magazine of History Archive at Indiana University Scholarworks.
  7. Google Search

Miami Nation

Miami Nation was presented to the “Fort Wayne Quest Club,” by William R. Clark on October 19, 1993 and reprinted in several segments by the theWaynedale

  1. Miami Nation published August 20, 2008
  2. Miami Nation published September 3, 2008
  3. Maimi Nation published September 17, 2008
  4. Miami Nation published October 1, 2008
  5. Miami Nation published October 22, 2008
  6. Miami Nation published November 5, 2008
  7. Miami Nation published December 3, 2008
  8. Miami Nation published December 17, 2008
  9. Miami Nation published January 7, 2009
  10. Miami Nation published January 21, 2009
  11. Miami Nation published February 4, 2009
  12. Miami Nation published February 18, 2009

Miami Nation of Indiana

On September 30, 1937, Miami descendants filed articles of incorporation for the "Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana" with headquarters in Wabash. In 1846, U.S. officials forcibly removed most of the Miami people from Indiana to Kansas. Several Miami families, including descendants of Jean Baptiste Richardville and Francis Godfroy, remained in Indiana, living on land allotments previously granted to their ancestors by the federal government. An 1854 treaty recognized the 148 “Indiana Miamis remaining scattered along the Upper Wabash Valley of Indiana from Lafayette to Fort Wayne.” However, federal recognition of the Miami of Indiana was terminated in 1897. With the 1937 filing, these Miami descendants incorporated as a 501(c)(3) non-profit. Their repeated attempts to reclaim federal recognition have been unsuccessful.  Copied from a September 30, 2018 post by the Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.Visit the website for The Miami Nation of Indians of Indiana here: or Miami Nation of Indiana on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Online Information

    1932 Allen County Guernsey map
  1. American Indians publications on the website.
  2. Civilizing the Indians of the Old Northwest, 1800-1810 a 22 page article by Joseph A. Parsons, Jr. in Volume LVI, September 1860, Number 3 of Indiana Magazine of History Archive at Indiana University Scholarworks.
  3. Indiana: The influence of the Indian upon its history - with Indian and French Names for Natural and Cultural Locations is a high resolution zoomable map in the Indiana State Library Map Collection in their Digital Collections. Similar information is posted on Indiana Memory and WorldCat shows libraries where copies can be found. A cropped image of Allen County is shown on the right. This 1933 map details county-by-county the Native American place names, treaty lines, trails and traces in the state was posted January 29, 2019 by Indiana Archives and Records Administration on Facebook and Twitter. The map designed by Elam Young Guernsey (1883-1975) and its inaccuracies was mentioned in the Introduction page xxiii of the book Native American Place Names of Indiana by Michael McCafferty published in 2008 by University of Illinois Press. This map is Call number G4091.E1 1968 .G8 2000 in the Indiana Historic Maps in the Image Collections Online at Indiana University.
  4. Indian Removal and the Transformation of Northern Indiana, by Thomas J. Campion, 2011, in Indiana Magazine of History, Volume 107, Issue 1, pp 32-62
  5. Maumee-Wabash Portage Was Once Widely Used By Indians, Traders A MAP of the RESERVATIONS at FORT WAYNE. Surveyed June 1803 by Tho'. [Thomas] Freeman from a December 28, 1958 The Journal Gazette newspaper 2 page article on the History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network.
  6. A mission to the Indians, from the Indian committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting, to Fort Wayne, in 1804 by Hopkins, Gerard T; Baltimore Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends; Tyson, Martha Ellicott, 1795-1873 published 1862 posted on the Internet Archive.
  7. Native Americans in American History a 26 page article in Hoosiers and the American Story at Includes biographies and a map of the Potawatomi Trail of Death 1838.
  8. A Territorial Land Grab That Pushed Native Americans to the Breaking Point The 1809 treaty that fueled Tecumseh’s war on whites at the Battle of Tippecanoe is on view at the American Indian Museum by Alicia Ault published October 9, 2017 on TREATY WITH THE DELAWARES, ETC., 1809 on the INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES Vol. II, Treaties page. Compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler. Washington : Government Printing Office, 1904.
  9. The Glorious Gate - The program brochure to the Glorious Gate pageant presented by the Anthony Wayne Anniversary Association at the Palace Theatre, September 18, 19, 20, 1934. Pageant was directed and written by Bessie K. Roberts. Per the program: 'A pageant in nine episodes, tracing the story of the Miami village which became Fort Wayne, from the days when it was a trading-post until modern times. Presented in narrative and picture, symbol and pageantry, so that the events of a glamorous past may live again.' Description from Indiana Memory referring to images on the History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network.
  10. Not the “Last of the Miamis” published September 27, 2013 discussed a historical photograph titled The Last of the Miamis 1810–1910 Kil-so-quah and son and other photographs taken in 1910 by L. M. Huffman published on NMAI The National Musuem of American Indian. She was the granddaughter of Miami Chief Little Turtle and was allowed stay with her son in Indiana because of a resolution passed by Congress in 1850 exempting Miami who held treaty reserves, and their descendants, from remova. The Miami—or Myaamia in their language, meaning Downstream People and are originally from the Great Lakes area. This blog mentioned the 1862 book above. On September 4, 1915, Kiilhsoohkwa died in Huntington County at the age of 105. From a September 4, 2017 post about this blog by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.
  11. Mound Builders in Fort Wayne (Allen County) Indiana includes photos, maps and19th century history articles published in October 2011 on MoundBuilder blog.
  12. Kramer Iroquois Indian Earthen Fortification in Allen County, Indiana Near Fort Wayne - Kramer Iroquois Indian Earthen Fortification in Allen County, Indiana constructed on the St. Joe River near Fort Wayne and at the headwaters of the Eel River in Whitley County, Indiana published in December 2012 on MoundBuilder blog.
  13. Mound builder (people) on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  14. Language, culture being restored during Miami Tribe youth camp by Kevin Kilbane published July 16, 2015 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.
  15. The Voice of the Miami published November 9, 2014 by The History Center on the Visit Fort Wayne blog.
  17. Miami Heritage Days - History Center sponsors annual Miami Indian Heritage Days at the 1827 Chief Richardville House. See Sacred drumming opens Miami Heritage Days by Keiara Carr published May 2, 2014 in The Journal Gazette newspaper. Teen shares Miami heritage through dance by Keiara Carr published July 6, 2014 in The Journal Gazette newspaper. Miami Indians celebrate major milestone 20th anniversry by Sara Wagner published August 9, 2015 on WANE-TV NewsChannel 15.
  18. Native Americans in Indiana by David G. Vanderstel, Phd. from the Conner Prairie Interpreter Resource Manual.
  19. Return of Miami Tribe of Okla. generates excitement by Kevin Kilbane published January 17, 2015 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.
  20. Eastern and Western Siouian Tribes and the White Buffalo Legend ... by Roberta Estes published May 27, 2012 on her Native Heritage Project.
  21. 20th century citizens about the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, also known as the Snyder Act, was sponsored by Rep. Homer Snyder of New York, and signed into law by President Calvin Coolidge posted on June 3, 2014 by Judy G. Russell the Legal Genealogist.
  22. American Indian Records in the National Archives from as early as 1774 through the mid 1990s is part of the Native American Heritage section at the The National Archives.
  23. Researching American Indians and Alaska Natives is a page on Facebook with some information and links to various sites at The National Archives page above. 

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Page updated: August 24, 2020