Civil War Information for Allen County, Indiana

750,000 Americans lost their lives in the Civil War. In Allen County alone, 4,000 citizens went to war, many of them receiving the bulk of their preparation and training on West Main Street’s Camp Allen, located just west of the Saint Marys River. Nearly 500 of those soldiers lost their lives during the war.

At the horrific Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, prominent Fort Wayne resident Col. Sion Bass died. He was the brother of John Bass, who co-owned Jones, Bass, and Com., later to become the Bass Foundry which would rise to become the largest maker of railroad wheels and axles in the United States.

The oldest Jewish temple in Indiana is Fort Wayne’s Achduth Vesholom Congregation. It was known as The Society for Visiting the Sick and Burying the Dead before it changed its name in 1861, having been established in 1848. It met in the home of member Frederick Nirdlinger.

That same building, in the 200 block of West Main Street, was also a stop on the Underground Railroad. It was part of the informal network helping to protect and convey escaped slaves to freedom.

Fort Wayne’s underground way station matters because the city was a natural middle point between the Ohio River city of Cincinnati, located near the confederate south, and the pivotal northern city of Detroit. This is a relatively short route from bondage to liberty.

Among the most famous abolitionist preachers of the Civil War era was Henry Ward Beecher, brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe. She wrote the powerful, abolition-themed novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” which was lauded by Lincoln and widely read by a highly literate American audience.

Her equally famous elder brother [Charles Beecher] not only lived in Fort Wayne but also was a commanding, gifted homilist whose abolition-themed sermons at Fort Wayne’s Second Presbyterian Church were fully in sync with the work of the nearby Underground Railroad.

These selected paragraphs were copied from a much longer article Area's ties to Civil War still reverberate Timothy S. Goeglein published July 13, 2022 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.

Allen County Civil War Memorial : Fort Wayne published May 28, 2010 by TheSchaeferTeam
For more information visit . For all of your Fort Wayne Real Estate needs.

Resources at The Genealogy Center

  1. Index to Compiled Service Records, Indiana, Union microfilm
  2. Civil War page with lists of resources, biographies, unit histories, letters, names, photos and more at The Genealogy Center..
  3. 1861-1865 Indiana Regimental Histories over two dozen titles on the Internet Archive

On the eve of the war in 1860, Fort Wayne had a population of 10,388. By the end of war in 1865, the city had sent 4,103 men to serve in the armed forces; 489 lost their lives. Copied from City sent thousands to Civil War front lines - Though Lincoln was far from popular here, Union army benefited from area soldiers, supplies and leadership by Kerry Hubartt published April 26, 2011 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.

April 15, 1861, Indiana Governor Oliver P. Morton sent a telegram to President Lincoln offering 10,000 Indiana soldiers to help enforce the laws of the United States at the beginning of the Civil War. For more see OLIVER P. MORTON AND CIVIL WAR POLITICS IN INDIANA on Indiana Historical Bureau.

The 88th Indiana Infantry was organized at Fort Wayne, Indiana and mustered in for a three-year enlistment in Indianapolis, Indiana, on August 29, 1862, under the command of Colonel George Humphrey. Company F was mustered in on September 13, 1862, at Louisville, Kentucky. The regiment was attached to 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, September 1862. 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Center, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps, to October 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps, to June 1865. The 88th Indiana Infantry mustered out of service on June 7, 1865. Copied from 88th Indiana Infantry Regiment on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

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Roster of the surviving members of the Eighty-eighth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, corrected to August 1st, 1889 by Dougall, Allan H, 1889, on
History Eighty-Eighth Indiana Volunteers Infantry. Engagements, chronology, roster. Mustered into service August 29th, 1862. Mustered out, June 7; disbanded, June 20th, 1865 by Indiana Infantry. 88th Regt., 1862-1865, on

Photos of a 1907 parade at the reunion of the Grand Army of the Republic from Allen County Community Albumwere posted May 16, 2019 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Private group on Facebook. They stated: The Library of Congress records list the organization's many Indiana Posts, organized on October 3, 1849, and reorganized on November 22, 1866... among which were Fort Wayne's Sion S. Bass Post #40, and the Anthony Wayne Post #271.

On August 31, 1949, the last encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic (an organization for Civil War veterans) was held in Indianapolis. Six surviving Civil War veterans gathered in Indianapolis, the youngest being 100 years old, and decided that the 1949 meeting would be the last as "Some of the boys [were] getting so feeble." Photos of those six men was posted August 31, 2017 on Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

October 30, 2014 first Civil War tombstone ceremony since 1941 to honor John Cranston's new Civil War headstone in Lindenwood Cemetery on 142-year wait leads to headstone for Civil War veteran from Indiana published November 10, 2013 on IndyStar newspaper. “He was in a barn in Fort Wayne and got kicked in the chest by a horse. He lasted a couple minutes and expired in his wife, Alice’s, arms,” Greg said. “He died from a hemorrhage to the lungs.” See his granite tombstone photo on Find A Grave.

April 9, 2015 was the 150th anniversary of the end of the Civil War. See Civil War Coming to a Close and Civil War left its mark on Fort Wayne -- and you can still see many of the signs by Kevin Leininger published April 9, 2015 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.

  1. ACGSI has a name list of Civil War Soldiers
  2. Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Reports - 40 plus volumes on Internet Archive - Indiana Adjunct General on
  3. Indiana in the War of the Rebellion : report of the Adjutant General - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office "A reprint of volume 1 of the eight-volume Report prepared by W.H.H. Terrell and published in 1869."Report of the Adjutant General of the state of Indiana .. (1865) (Volume 2) - Indiana Adjutant General's Office cn Binder's title: "Indiana in the war."
  4. The News-Sentinel newspaperhas:
    1. 150th Anniversary of the Civil War: 1861-1865 links to over 24 Civil War articles
    2. Allen County and the Civil War photo gallery
    3. Tour Area's Civil War-Related Sites is a map with photos
  5. Report of the Adjutant General of the state of Indiana .. (Volume 3) - Indiana Adjutant General's Office cn Binder's title: "Indiana in the war."
  6. Report of the Adjutant General of the state of Indiana .. (Volume 4) - Indiana Adjutant General's Office cn
  7. Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana (Volume 04) - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office Vol. 4
  8. Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana (Volume 05) - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office Vol. 5
  9. Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana (Volume 06) - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office Vol. 6
  10. Report of the Adjutant General of the state of Indiana .. (Volume 7) - Indiana Adjutant General's Office cn
  11. Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana (Volume 07) - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office Vol. 7
  12. Report of the adjutant general of the state of Indiana (Volume 08) - Indiana. Adjutant General's Office Vol. 8

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  1. Alfred Daugherty, Fort Wayne, IN. Postman after the Civil War Alfred Daugherty Lost leg at Shiloh in the Civil War Fought for the North shiloh-44th-01-co-h, 2 photos posted November 11, 2017 onthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.
  2. Emanuel Hettinger, About 1917-1918, Allen County, Indiana. Oldest Civil War veteran in Allen Co. at this time." The photo is stamped by Ehrhart Studio, Antwerp, Ohio. Photo posted November 11, 2017 onthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.
  3. Elbert D. Baldwin photo and life story was discussed March 20, 2018 by the Lincoln Collection on Facebook. He was in the 12th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was from Fort Wayne and mustered in as a Captain in July 1862. He was promoted to Major in August 1862 and then to Lieutenant Colonel in July 1863. He remained in the army for the duration of the war and resigned on May 6, 1865. After leaving the army, Baldwin returned to Fort Wayne, where he married Frances Huxford on October 31, 1867. The young couple moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where they had three children between 1868 and 1871. By 1880 his wife and children had returned to Fort Wayne and were living with her mother. She lived the rest of her life as a widow in Fort Wayne, where she died on November 1, 1923, and was buried in Lindenwood Cemetery. If anyone finds a record of Elbert D. Baldwin’s death, please contact the Lincoln Collection!
  4. Pvt. Martin Strouse of the 30th Indiana Infantry information was posted December 22, 2019 by Tony Meeks on the ACGSI and Stones River National BattlefieldFacebook pages.

Indiana Civil War Records on

National Archives and Records Service - Compiled records showing service of military units in volunteer Union organizations

  1. First Cavalry through Seventh Cavalry - Reel 0034
  2. Eighth Cavalry through Thirteenth Cavalry Capt. Lamb's Independent Co., Mounted Scouts, Volunteer, Cavalry through Fourth Battery, Light Artillery - Reel 0035
  3. Fifth Battery, Light Artillery through Twenty-fifth Battery, Light Artillery Wilder Battery, light Artillery Sixth Infantry through Eighth Infantry (3 Months, l86l) - Reel 0036
  4. Ninth Infantry through Thirteenth Infantry- Reel 0037
  5. Fourteenth Infantry through Nineteenth Infantry- Reel 0038
  6. Twentieth Infantry through Twenty-fifth Infantry - Reel 0039
  7. Twenty- sixth Infantry through Thirty-second Infantry - Reel 0040
  8. Thirty-third Infantry through Thirty-eighth Infantry Fortieth Infantry - Reel 0041
  9. Forty-second Infantry through Forty-eighth Infantry - Reel 0042
  10. Forty-ninth Infantry through Fifty-fifth Infantry (3 Months, 1862) - Reel 0043
  11. Fifty-seventh Infantry through Sixty-sixth Infantry - Reel 0044
  12. Sixty-seventh Infantry through Seventieth Infantry Seventy-second Infantry through Seventy-fifth Infantry - Reel 0045
  13. Seventy-sixth Infantry (30 Days, 1862) Seventy-eighth Infantry through Eighty-sixth Infantry - Reel 0046
  14. Eighty-seventh Infantry through Eighty-ninth Infantry ninety-first Infantry through Ninety-third Infantry Ninety-seventh Infantry Ninety-ninth Infantry One Hundredth Infantry - Reel 0047
  15. One Hundred First Infantry One Hundred Fifteenth Infantry (6 Months, 1863-64) through One Hundred Eighteenth Infantry (6 Months, 1863-64) One Hundred Twentieth Infantry, One Hundred Twenty-third Infantry One Hundred Twenty-fourth Infantry One Hundred Twenty-eighth Infantry through One Hundred Thirtieth Infantry One Hundred Thirty-second Infantry (100 Days, 1864) through One Hundred Thirty-fourth Infantry (100 Days, 1864) - Reel 0048
  16. One Hundred Thirty-fifth Infantry (100 Days, 1864) through One Hundred Fortieth Infantry One Hundred Forty-second Infantry through One Hundred Fifty-sixth Infantry Capt. Keasby's Independent Co., Infantry (30 Days, 1862) Capt. Monroe's Independent Co., Legion, Infantry (30 Days, 1862) Capt. Patton's Independent Co., Infantry (30 Days, 1862) - Reel 0049

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Other Information

  1. May 3, 1868 the first observance of Memorial Day, originally known as Decoration Day.
  2. A Knight of the Golden Circle by Lesh, U. S. (Ulysses Samuel), 1868- cn; Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County. cn, 1956, on Foreward says that Lambdin P. Milligan came to Huntington to live and delivered a speech in Fort Wayne that aroused the ire of the military and led to his arrest, trial, and conviction for treason. The address was reported by a representative of the Cincinnati Enquirer who was present on the occasion. Unfortunately, the local files of the Fort Wayne newspapers during the Civil War period are incomplete, and the staff of the Public Library has never been able to locate any reference to this speech. Knights of the Golden Circle on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
  3. Indiana Archives: Indiana in the Civil War Era article by John M. Glen, Stephen E. Towne, Nancy K. Turner, Thomas E. Rodgers, and Saundra B. Taylor in Volume 92, Issue 3, September 1996 of the Indiana Magazine of History at Indiana University.
  4. National Archives information here:
  5. Hoosier Soldiers in the Civil War by Thomas E. Rodgers of University of Southern Indiana at the Indiana Historical Bureau.
  7. Indiana in the Civil War Wiki at

Indiana War Memorial

The Indiana War Memorial Plaza Historic District contains two museums, three parks, and 24 acres of monuments, statues, sculptures, and fountains in the heart of downtown Indianapolis, making the state's capital second only to Washington D.C. in acreage and number of monuments dedicated to veterans.

Indiana State Archives has a brief Subject Guide to Indiana Historywith a Civil War section

Indiana's Civil War 150th Commemoration - 2011-2015

Indiana State Archives Collections: Early Military Records

Indiana State Archives Civil War Records

Indiana State Archives Civil War Records Index

Indiana State Archives Soldiers' and Sailors' Children's Home - The Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Children's Home was founded in 1865 to provide care, education and maintenance for the orphaned and destitute children of Civil War Union Army veterans. - Search Index

Civil War how many died?

Half the deaths were in unmarked graves. Up until then most died surrounded by family and loved ones at home, then buried nearby - was a shock to the national consciosness.

December 22, 1915 Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel story about Theodore Geller a surviver witness to the Monitor-Merrimac ironclad ship battle.

Link to Indiana Adjunct General Reports on and Genealogy Center military page.

PBS 2012 documentary, "Death and the Civil War," shows how the large number of war deaths led to developing the national military cemetery system. The 2-hour film can be viewed online for free (it contain graphic images).

FamilySearch Wiki Allen County, Indiana

Civil War service men from Allen County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Allen County.

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Additional Information

Morgan's raid in Indiana by Ewbank, Louis W; Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County, 1955, on
  1. Persons Exempt from Military Service, Sept. 1862 at The Genealogy Center
  2. Allen County Pensioners, Oct. 1883
  3. Allen County Area Servicemen & Servicewomen, 20th Century at The Genealogy Center
  4. Civil War Rosters Arranged by State at Civil War
  5. Civil War Indiana
  6. Soldiers and Sailors Database at the National Park Service. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. Other information on the site includes histories of Union and Confederate regiments, links to descriptions of significant battles, and selected lists of prisoner-of-war records and cemetery records, which will be amended over time. The CWSS is a cooperative effort between the National Park Service and several public and private partners whose goal is to increase Americans' understanding of this decisive era in American history by making information about it widely accessible. Copied from the National Park Service website. Throwback Thursday: "Under president Glade I. Nelson, the Federation undertook a national project of immense proportions: the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System indexing project. Announced in fall of 1991, this joint effort between the National Park Service, the Genealogical Society of Utah, the National Archives, and the Federation, required massive numbers of volunteers and countless hours of supervision and administration. The Federation agreed to undertake the role of volunteer coordinator. On 28 April 1993, at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, the first entry was made into the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System." -FGS History >> Due to these efforts, everyone today can access this information for free on the National Park Services website. Posted April 28, 2016 by the Federation of Genealogical Societies on Facebook.
  7. Civil War Soldier Service Records at Fold3
  8. Compiled Military Service Records of the Civil War by Trevor published November 18, 2104 at Fold3
  9. Indianapolis Collected: The Last of the Civil War Soldiers by Libby Cierziak published November 16, 2013 on Historic
  10. Indiana Civil War Soldiers Database online from the Indiana State Digital Archives
  11. Civil War Research: Learning about Your Union Veteran Ancestor - FamilySearch 51 minute video
  12. Broadside pattern with direction for making slippers for Union soldiers . In the first six months of 1862, the Ladies' Aid Society of Philadelphia distributed more than 1000 pairs of slippers, as well as thousands of boxes of other clothing, bedding, food, medicines, and books. See photo on Old Images of Philadephia on Facebook.
  13. Lindenwood Cemetery Civil War Veterans - vitual library by OOPSheryl
  14. Online Civil War Indexes, Records & Rosters A Genealogy Guide by Joe Beine.
  15. Jelly beans - Created in the 17th century and then refined thereafter, the jelly bean took rise in the U.S. when Boston candy maker William Schrafft marketed them heavily to Union soldiers during the Civil War.
  16. Remembering the Civil War in Fort Wayne a 2015 photo gallery of local people and places at The News-Sentinel newspaper
  17. Roster of Lawton-Wayne Post No. 271 of the Dept. of Ind. G.A.R., Fort Wayne, Ind. at The Genealogy Center.
  18. Smithsonian HISTORY & ARCHAEOLOGY Photo Interactive: The Civil War, Now in Living Color How one author adds actual blues and grays to historic photographs - The photographs taken by masters such as Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner have done much for the public’s perception of the Civil War. But all of their work is in black and white. 
  19. John E. Wilkins, Ready & Able: A Hoosier's Civil War video of Mark Meyer's September 18, 2014 presentation from journals he transcribed at the Lincoln Collection at the Allen County Public Library.
  20. Society of Civil War Families of Indiana lineage society at Indiana Genenealogical Society.
  21. Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War National Headquarters
  22. Allen County in the Civil War discusses the Civil War Memorial in Lawton Park and statue of Colonel Henry Lawton in Lakeside Park by Tom Castaldi published January 9, 2014 on History Center Notes & Queries blog.

Lineage Societies

  1. Society of Civil War Families of Indiana information at Indiana Genenealogical Society.

Internet Archive Civil War Books

  1. Indiana -- Biography (2)
  2. Indiana -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 (20)
  3. Indiana -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Regimental Histories (1)
  4. Indiana -- Militia (15)
  5. Indiana Cavalry. 3d Regt., 1861-1865 (1)
  6. Indiana Cavalry. 7th Regt (1)
  7. Indiana Infantry (1)
  8. Indiana Infantry 86th Regiment, 1862-1865 (1)
  9. Indiana Infantry, 51st Regt. -- Civil War, 1861-1865 (1)
  10. Indiana Infantry. 136th Regiment (2)
  11. Indiana Infantry. 27th Regt (1)
  12. Indiana Infantry. 31st Regt., 1861-1865 (1)
  13. Indiana Infantry. 65th Regiment (2)
  14. Indiana Infantry. 68th Regt (1)
  15. Indiana Infantry. 81st Regiment, 1862-1865 (1)
  16. Indiana Infantry. 82d Regiment (1)
  17. Indiana Infantry. 83d Regiment, 1862-1865 (1)
  18. Indiana Infantry. 99th Regt, 1862-1865 (1)

Other Information

  1. The Marrow of Tragedy: Disease and Diversity in Civil War Medicine by Dr. Margaret Humphreys published February 15, 2017 on Books, Health, and History The New York Academy of Medicine web site.
  2. Civil War Sleuth Using technology and community to rediscover lost identities in American Civil War-era photographs has information on current technology for identifying people in Civil War photos.

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