1831 - 1832 - 1833 - 1834 - 1835 - 1836 - 1837 - 1838 - 1839
Indiana population was 343,031.
1830, May 28 - President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, setting the stage for the brutal relocation of Native Americans known as the Trail of Tears. By this time, most of the native tribes in the northeastern United States had been driven to near extinction by the westward expansion of the white man. including our local Miami Indian tribe, from Indian Removal Act of 1830 by Crista Cowan published November 12, 2014 in Research on Ancestry.com.
1830: The Rev. Stephen Theodore Badin, the first priest ordained in the United States, visits the Catholics settled here and offers Mass at the home of Francis Comparet. He returned the next year to buy the land where the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception now stands for the town's first Catholic church, St. Augustine's. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.
1831, February 19 - the Vincennes Gazette ran a letter to the editor with the word
Hoosher the earliest-known printed variation of the word "Hoosier." See the February 19, 2019 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.
1831, July 1 - the Presbyterians send the Rev. Charles E. Fuhrman to Fort Wayne to preach, leading to the organization of First Presbyterian Church. The tombstone for Smallwood Noel states: 1785-1862, Pioneer Presbyterian, a founder of the Fort Wayne's First Church July 1, 1831.
1831, July 4 - President James Monroe died - 5 years to the day after Presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. The only three presidents to die on the 4th of July. Monroe was also the last president who was never photographed in his lifetime. From 10 surprising birthday facts about President Monroe by NCC Staff | National Constitution Center April 29, 2013 on Yahoo! News.
1832 - County commissioners authorize building the first courthouse, which is used for just 10 years. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.
1832, February 22 (21?) - ground breaking for the Wabash & Erie Canal, Fort Wayne to Lafayette completed by July 4, 1843. Was on the south end of what is now Headwaters Park. This project is credited with bringing many Irish immigrants to town as canal workers.
1833, January 1 -
the Indianapolis Journal published John Finley's poem "The Hoosier's Nest," one of the first printed references of the word "Hoosier." According to Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History, Finley heard the term in 1820 when he traveled from Virginia to Indiana. He likely drafted his famous poem in 1830, describing the massive "flock" of people "to this rising 'Hoosher' nation." "The Hoosier's Nest" was widely circulated and earned Finley the title of 'poet-laureate of Hoosierland.' Published January 1, 2019 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Go to our People page for more on Hoosier.
1833, February - "FRIDAY FACT: The stealing of horses was such a problem that in February 1833 the Indiana legislature passed a law allowing county commissioners to give a reward of up to $40 every time a horse thief was arrested. Source: "Laws of the State of Indiana, passed and published at the seventeenth session of the General Assembly" (Indianapolis: Douglass and Maguire, 1833)." From August 30, 2013 Indiana Genealogical Society on Facebook.
1833, July 6 - S.V.B. Noel and Thomas Tigar move here from Indianapolis and publish the first edition of The Sentinel, the town's first newspaper, making The News-Sentinel the longest continually operating company in Allen County. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.
1833, November 18 - times zones were first implemented in the U.S. by the railroads to eliminate the confusion of dealing with local times. Read When did the United States start using time zones? by Elizabeth Nix published April 5, 2015 on History.com.
1834, July 26 - Indiana's first governor, Jonathan Jennings, died at his home in Charlestown. Read more about his political career at Jonathan Jennings: Honoring the Autonomy and Democratic Values of Pioneer Hoosiers by S, Chandler Lighty published July 26, 2017.
1835, July 4 - The canal opens with a glorious celebration on the Fourth of July, though it does not yet stretch from Lafayette to Toledo, Ohio, as planned. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.
1835, January 30 - President Andrew Jackson while attending a congressional funeral in the Capitol building, Richard Lawrence, an unemployed house painter, pointed a pistol at Jackson and fired, it misfired, so he fired and misfired again. Read more in Life and Death in the White House onSmithsonian National Museum of American History blog.
1835, February -
the Indiana legislature imposed a stiff penalty on county clerks who issued marriage licenses to a minor (men under 21, women under 18) without the consent of their parents. The clerk could be fined up to $1,000, with their fine to be paid directly to the parents. Source: Laws of a general nature passed and published at the nineteenth session of the General Assembly of the State of Indiana (Indianapolis: Morrison and Bolton, 1835). From page 34 of a Google ebook.
1835, August 25 - the State Bank of Indiana was established in 1833, and the Fort Wayne branch of the bank was officially established on August 25, 1835.
The list of principals who organized the bank reads like a “who’s who” of prominent men of the era: Allen Hamilton (president), Hugh McCulloch (cashier) and directors William Rockhill, Asa Fairfield, Jesse Vermilyea, Francis Comparet and William G. Ewing, among others. This branch operated until the charter of the bank was revoked in 1859 and the state allowed the creation of the privately held Second Bank of Indiana, which took over local operations. This bank operated in Fort Wayne until 1865 when it merged with another local bank, which in 1885 changed its named to Old National Bank. In 1863, First National Bank was the first bank in Indiana to receive a charter under the new national banking system, through several events Fort Wayne’s first banks and this second would join together and be important institutions in our community. In 1905, First National consolidated with White National Bank and in 1917 with Hamilton National Bank. Now known as First and Hamilton National Bank, the institution merged with Old National and became Old-First National Bank. In 1933, Old-First National closed in March, but was reorganized and reopened in October as the new Fort Wayne National Bank. Fort Wayne National operated as an independent banking institution until its acquisition by National City Bank in 1998. Through its most recent incarnation, it continues to serve the citizens of Fort Wayne & Allen County as PNC. Copied from an August 25, 2022 post by The History Center on Facebok.
1836, January 27 - Governor Noah Noble signed the Mammoth Internal Improvements Act. The act provided for three major canal projects, a macadamized road, and a railroad. To build this infrastructure, the state of Indiana took a $10 million loan. An economic panic in 1837 made it difficult for the state to pay its debt and in 1841 the State of Indiana declared bankruptcy. ... Hoosiers still see the effects of this ill-fated internal improvements project - when the current State Constitution was written in 1851, Article 10, Section 5 prohibits "any debt to be contracted, on behalf of the State" except in very specific circumstances. Posted January 27, 2018 with an expanded description January 28, 2019 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Learn more about canals at CANAL MANIA IN INDIANA with maps and more. Learn more about the Internal Improvements Act here and the effects it had on the state here: Historical Background of the Restrictions Against State Debt in the Indiana Constitution of 1851 Donald F. Carmony in June 1951 Indiana Magazine of History journal in the archives at Indiana University Scholarworks.
1838, February 11 -
Andrew Jackson 7th President of the United States: 1829 ‐ 1837 Special Message February 11, 1836 To the Senate of the United States: I herewith return to the Senate the resolution of the legislature of the State of Indiana requesting the President to suspend from sale a strip of land 10 miles in width, on a line from Munceytown to Fort Wayne, which resolution was referred to me on the 5th instant. It appears from the memorial to which the resolution is subjoined that the lands embraced therein have been in market for several years past; that the legislature of the State of Indiana have applied to Congress for the passage of a law giving that State the right to purchase at such reduced prices as Congress may fix, and that their suspension from sale is requested as auxiliary to this application. By the acts of Congress now in force all persons who may choose to make entries for these lands in the manner prescribed by law are entitled to purchase the same, and as the President possesses no dispensing power it will be obvious to the Senate that until authorized by law he can not rightfully act on the subject referred to him. ANDREW JACKSON Copied from The American Presidency Project.
1836, June 28 - James Madison,
The Father of the Constitution, 4th president of the US, dies in Montpelier, Virginia, at age 85, 1751-1836from theSmithsonian National Museum of American History blog.
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Panic of 1837 led to a national economic depression resulting in 1839 stopping of all state financed projects such as the Wabash & Erie Canal.
1837 - First Church was built at 334 East Berry Street, organized in 1831, it is now First Presbyterian Church at 300 West Wayne Street.
1837, October 14 - 23 German Fort Wayne families led Henry Rudisill organized the First German Evangelical Lutheran Church. In 1846 the name was changed to The German Evangelical St. Paul's Lutheran Church and in 1922 to the current St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church.
1837 - the Millers and the Kings opened a primitive tavern on the Piqua Road called Nine Mile.
1837, November - Henry Trier was born on the Trier homestead, the first white child born in Adams Township. From page 23 of the December 14, 1913 The Journal Gazette newspaper, reprinted in the December 2013 Allen County Lines page 41.
1837, December 2 - 40 to 50 Hugh McCulloch relatives celebrated Thanksgiving in the frontier town Fort Wayne. See Thanksgiving on The Genealogy Center blog posted November 21, 2016.
1837, December 7 - Governor Noah Noble proclaimed Indiana’s first Thanksgiving Day. From history of Thanksgiving in Indiana post November 27, 2015 on Indiana Bicentennial Commission on Facebook.Facebook and November 25, 2015 on Only Indiana on Facebook.
1838, January 6 - Samuel Morse’s telegraph system is demonstrated for the first time at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, New Jersey, reaching the height of its popularity in the 1920s and 1930s. See Morse demonstrates telegraph on History.com.
1838, September 4 - near Twin Lakes and Rochester, Indiana. "On the morning of September 4, 1838, a band of 859 Potawatomi, with their leaders restrained in the back of a wagon, set out on a forced march from their homeland in northern Indiana for a small reserve in present-day Kansas. To minimize the temptation for the Potawatomi to try to escape and return home militia members burned both fields and houses as the dejected members of the wagon train departed." Learn more about the Trail of Death from Citizen Potawatomi Nation posted September 4, 2017 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. The
Potawatomi Trail of Death route starting in Indiana, crossing Illinois and Missouri, and ending at present day Osawatomia, Kansas. Over 850 Potawatomi Indian people were rounded up and marched at gunpoint from their Indiana homeland. Many walked the 660-mile distance, which took two months. More than 40 died, mostly children, of thyphoid fever and the stress of the forced removal. Copied from What is the Trail of Death? at Potawatomi Trail of Death Assn. See September 4, 2022 post by The Winona History Center on Facebook with map and a book The Last Blackrobe of Indiana with more information.
Miller and King opened a store at the site of the Nine Mile house. The name “Nine Mile” advertised its distance from the Allen County Court House.
1839 - Trinity Episcopal Church has its beginnings with a visit by the Rev. Benjamin Hutchins, a missionary.
1839, November 28 - the first official Thanksgiving Day in Indiana, as proclaimed by Governor David Wallace. From page 77 in Lew Wallace: Boy Writer by Martha E. Schaaf.
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