1830-1839 Timeline of Allen County, Indiana

1831 - 1832 - 1833 - 1834 - 1835 - 1836 - 1837 - 1838 - 1839

1830

Indiana population was 343,031.

By this time, most of the native tribes in the northeastern United States had been driven to near extinction by the westward expansion of the white man. including our local Miami tribe, from Indian Removal Act of 1830 by Crista Cowan published November 12, 2014 in Research on Ancestry.com.

1830: The Rev. Stephen Theodore Badin, the first priest ordained in the United States, visits the Catholics settled here and offers Mass at the home of Francis Comparet. He returned the next year to buy the land where the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception now stands for the town's first Catholic church, St. Augustine's. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1831

1831, February 19 - the Vincennes Gazette ran a letter to the editor with the word Hoosher the earliest-known printed variation of the word "Hoosier." See the February 19, 2019 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1831, July 1 - the Presbyterians send the Rev. Charles E. Fuhrman to Fort Wayne to preach, leading to the organization of First Presbyterian Church. The tombstone for Smallwood Noel states: 1785-1862, Pioneer Presbyterian, a founder of the Fort Wayne's First Church July 1, 1831.

1831, July 4 - President James Monroe died - 5 years to the day after Presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. The only three presidents to die on the 4th of July. Monroe was also the last president who was never photographed in his lifetime. From 10 surprising birthday facts about President Monroe by NCC Staff | National Constitution Center April 29, 2013 on Yahoo! News.

1832

1832 - County commissioners authorize building the first courthouse, which is used for just 10 years. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1832, February 22 (21?) - ground breaking for the Wabash & Erie Canal, Fort Wayne to Lafayette completed by July 4, 1843. Was on the south end of what is now Headwaters Park. This project is credited with bringing many Irish immigrants to town as canal workers.

1833

1833, January 1 - the Indianapolis Journal published John Finley's poem "The Hoosier's Nest," one of the first printed references of the word "Hoosier." According to Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History, Finley heard the term in 1820 when he traveled from Virginia to Indiana. He likely drafted his famous poem in 1830, describing the massive "flock" of people "to this rising 'Hoosher' nation." "The Hoosier's Nest" was widely circulated and earned Finley the title of 'poet-laureate of Hoosierland.' Published January 1, 2019 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Go to our People page for more on Hoosier.

1833, February - "FRIDAY FACT: The stealing of horses was such a problem that in February 1833 the Indiana legislature passed a law allowing county commissioners to give a reward of up to $40 every time a horse thief was arrested. Source: "Laws of the State of Indiana, passed and published at the seventeenth session of the General Assembly" (Indianapolis: Douglass and Maguire, 1833)." From August 30, 2013 Indiana Genealogical Society on Facebook.

1833, July 6 - S.V.B. Noel and Thomas Tigar move here from Indianapolis and publish the first edition of The Sentinel, the town's first newspaper, making The News-Sentinel the longest continually operating company in Allen County. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1833, November 18 - times zones were first implemented in the U.S. by the railroads to eliminate the confusion of dealing with local times. Read When did the United States start using time zones? by Elizabeth Nix published April 5, 2015 on History.com.

1834

1834, July 26 -  Indiana's first governor, Jonathan Jennings, died at his home in Charlestown. Read more about his political career at Jonathan Jennings: Honoring the Autonomy and Democratic Values of Pioneer Hoosiers by S, Chandler Lighty published July 26, 2017.

1835

1835, July 4 -  The canal opens with a glorious celebration on the Fourth of July, though it does not yet stretch from Lafayette to Toledo, Ohio, as planned. From Millennium milestones in Fort Waynefrom the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1835, January 30 - President Andrew Jackson while attending a congressional funeral in the Capitol building, Richard Lawrence, an unemployed house painter, pointed a pistol at Jackson and fired, it misfired, so he fired and misfired again. Read more in Life and Death in the White House on Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

1835, February - the Indiana legislature imposed a stiff penalty on county clerks who issued marriage licenses to a minor (men under 21, women under 18) without the consent of their parents. The clerk could be fined up to $1,000, with their fine to be paid directly to the parents. Source: Laws of a general nature passed and published at the nineteenth session of the General Assembly of the State of Indiana (Indianapolis: Morrison and Bolton, 1835). From page 34 of a Google ebook.

1836

1836, January 27 - Governor Noah Noble signed the Mammoth Internal Improvements Act. The act provided for three major canal projects, a macadamized road, and a railroad. To build this infrastructure, the state of Indiana took a $10 million loan. An economic panic in 1837 made it difficult for the state to pay its debt and in 1841 the State of Indiana declared bankruptcy. ... Hoosiers still see the effects of this ill-fated internal improvements project - when the current State Constitution was written in 1851, Article 10, Section 5 prohibits "any debt to be contracted, on behalf of the State" except in very specific circumstances. Posted January 27, 2018 with an expanded description January 28, 2019 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Learn more about canals at CANAL MANIA IN INDIANA with maps and more. Learn more about the Internal Improvements Act here and the effects it had on the state here: Historical Background of the Restrictions Against State Debt in the Indiana Constitution of 1851 Donald F. Carmony in June 1951Indiana Magazine of History Archive at Indiana University Scholarworks.

1836, June 28 - James Madison, The Father of the Constitution, 4th president of the US, dies in Montpelier, Virginia, at age 85, 1751-1836from the Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

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1837

Panic of 1837 led to a national economic depression resulting in 1839 stopping of all state financed projects such as the Wabash & Erie Canal.

1837 - First Church was built at 334 East Berry Street, organized in 1831, it is now First Presbyterian Church at 300 West Wayne Street.

1837, October 14 - 23 German Fort Wayne families led Henry Rudisill organized the First German Evangelical Lutheran Church. In 1846 the name was changed to The German Evangelical St. Paul's Lutheran Church and in 1922 to the current St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church.

1837 - the Millers and the Kings opened a primitive tavern on the Piqua Road called Nine Mile.

1837, November - Henry Trier was born on the Trier homestead, the first white child born in Adams Township. From page 23 of the December 14, 1913 The Journal Gazette newspaper, reprinted in the December 2013 Allen County Lines page 41.

1837, December 2 - 40 to 50 Hugh McCulloch relatives celebrated Thanksgiving in the frontier town Fort Wayne. See Thanksgiving on The Genealogy Center blog posted November 21, 2016.

1837, December 7 - Governor Noah Noble proclaimed Indiana’s first Thanksgiving Day. From history of Thanksgiving in Indiana post November 27, 2015 on Indiana Bicentennial Commission Facebook and November 25, 2015 on Only Indiana on Facebook.

1838

Fort Wayne in 1838 by John W. Dawson, published 1953, an Archive.org ebook

The state of Indiana delineated: by Colton, J[oseph] H[utchins], pub. [from old catalog], 1838 on Internet Archive.

1838, January 6 - Samuel Morse’s telegraph system is demonstrated for the first time at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, New Jersey, reaching the height of its popularity in the 1920s and 1930s. See Morse demonstrates telegraph on History.com.

1838, September 4 - near Twin Lakes and Rochester, Indiana. "On the morning of September 4, 1838, a band of 859 Potawatomi, with their leaders restrained in the back of a wagon, set out on a forced march from their homeland in northern Indiana for a small reserve in present-day Kansas. To minimize the temptation for the Potawatomi to try to escape and return home militia members burned both fields and houses as the dejected members of the wagon train departed." Learn more about the Trail of Death from Citizen Potawatomi Nation was posted September 4, 2017 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. The Potawatomi Trail of Death route starting in Indiana, crossing Illinois and Missouri, and ending at present day Osawatomia, Kansas. Over 850 Potawatomi Indian people were rounded up and marched at gunpoint from their Indiana homeland. Many walked the 660-mile distance, which took two months. More than 40 died, mostly children, of thyphoid fever and the stress of the forced removal. Copied from What is the Trail of Death?

1839

Miller and King opened a store at the site of the Nine Mile house. The name “Nine Mile” advertised its distance from the Allen County Court House.

1839 - Trinity Episcopal Church has its beginnings with a visit by the Rev. Benjamin Hutchins, a missionary.

1839, November 28 - the first official Thanksgiving Day in Indiana, as proclaimed by Governor David Wallace. From page 77 in Lew Wallace: Boy Writer by Martha E. Schaaf.

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