1890-1899 Timeline of Allen County, Indiana

Fort Wayne city directories start in 1858 with business and city resident addresses. Public domain copies before 1923 are listed on the City Directories page and embeded within the Timeline pages.

1891 - 1892 - 1893 -1894 - 1895 -1896 - 1897 - 1898 - 1899


Fort Wayne, Indiana City Directory by R.L. Polke & Company

1890 - Streetcars came to Fort Wayne in 1871 as a way to easily get around town after the Civil War. They ran on tracks in the ground and were pulled by horses. Relying on horses came with a few problems, such as disease that would shut the whole system down. In 1890, there was a fire that killed several dozen horses in one of the stables. Copied from May 16, 1939; Fort Wayne begins transition from streetcars to buses with several Allen County Public Library photos by Adam Solarczyk posted May 16, 2022 by CBS WANE-TV NewsChannel 15.

1890: The city's first football game takes place on Thanksgiving Day, won by the Electrics over the Athletics. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1890 - the Indiana School for Feeble Minded Youth opened in Fort Wayne.

1890 - did you ever notice highway signs don't have an apostrophe? Here is why - Since its inception in 1890, the U.S. Board on Geographic Names has discouraged the use of the possessive form—the genitive apostrophe and the “s”. The possessive form using an “s” is allowed, but the apostrophe is almost always removed. The Board's archives contain no indication of the reason for this policy. From USGS U.S. Board on Geographic Names Domestic Names - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) #18

1890 - the Indiana State Board of Health statewide survey of schools found 71% were poorly ventilated, 30% had an unsafe water supply, and 10% had no outhouse or lavatory. From Ninth annual report of the State Board of Health of Indiana, for the fiscal year ending October 31, 1890 (Indianapolis: William B. Burford, 1891). Posted May 11, 2014 by the Indiana Genenealogical Society on their Facebook page.

1890s - bald eagles nested in Indiana until the 1890s, and small numbers wintered in the state from November through March mostly along major rivers and other large bodies of water. In 1985, the Indiana Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program began the Bald Eagle Reintroduction Program. Seventy-three eaglets (seven to eight weeks old) were obtained from Wisconsin and Alaska from 1985 through 1989 and brought to Indiana. They are now seen at Little River Wetlands Project as in this December 5, 2017 photo by Little River Wetlands Project on Facebook located on the southwest side of the city and along rivers in Fort Wayne and throughout the state. Read more on Bald Eagle from Indiana Department of Natural Resources on IN.gov.

1890 ad for modern washing machine from Horton Manufacturing Company Fort Wayne, Indiana from Time Travelers - come back in time on Facebook.

June 8, 2023 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook:

Summer is the perfect time for Hoosiers to enjoy the great outdoors via a bike ride, but women have not always had access to such leisure activity. In the late 19th century, social critics feared that bike riding would make women unfeminine and perhaps corrupt their innocence. By the 1890s, bicycling became a symbol for the fight for women’s equality and freedom. With the bicycle, women no longer depended entirely upon men for transportation and no longer were encumbered by layers of petticoats. Learn more via our Indiana History Blog: Being a “Bicyclienne:” Balancing Freedom and Femininity

The photo below is courtesy of the Indiana Album.

1890, June 2 - the census enumerator, started recording the 10th U.S. Federal Census. January 10, 1921, a fire in the Commerce Department building, Washington, DC, destroyed most of the 1890 census. Congress ordered the destruction of the remaing records in 1933.

1890, July - photo of corner of Broadway and Jefferson posted November 25, 2017 onthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1890, July 13

July 13, 2023 post by the Daughters of the American Revolution National Headquarters  on Facebook:

#TBT On this day in 1890 the Washington Post published a letter that was the catalyst for the creation of the Daughters of the American Revolution! Who wrote this article and how did it spark the creation of the nation’s largest women’s organization? Check out these items from the NSDAR Archives to find out and learn more!

1890, December 29 - 297 Sioux Indians were killed by federal agents and members of the 7th Cavalry at Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. 200 of the 297 victims were women and children.

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1891 is two parts as one sided photocopy of a damaged book second copy, with a third copy of City Directory Part 1that also goes to the Pauley surnames above then Part 2 to the end.

1891 - The White House Gets Electric Lighting, 1891 by Betty C. Monkman, Author, The White House: Its Historic Furnishings and First Families at The White House Historical Association. Department of Energy The History of Electricity at the White House posted October 14, 2015 at Energy.gov.


No city directory, there is a combined 1891-1892 directory.

1892: The city switches from horsedrawn streetcars, which started in 1871, to electric streetcars which continued until May 16, 1939 when the transition to buses began. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1892, January 1 - Ellis Island Immigrant Station opens in New York. A 15-year-old Irish girl named Annie Moore became the first of the more than 12 million immigrants who would pass through the doors of the Ellis Island Immigration Station in its 62 years of operation. Copied from a January 1, 2023 post by The Library of Congress on Facebook. Today in History - January 1 and Topics in Chronicling America - Ellis Island on The Library of Congress or January 2, 1892 Landed On Ellis Island article on timesmachine from The New York Times newspaper. It would close November 12, 1954.

1892, June 17 - the first shipment of three streetcars arrived on Columbia Street. Photo posted September 12, 2018 by The Landing Fort Wayne on Facebook.

1892, September 8 - the Pledge of Allegiance is published in children's magazine "The Youth's Companion." See below:

A timeline of the Pledge of Allegiance, inspired by The Pledge of Allegiance at USHistory.org.:

    1. September 8, 1892 "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
    2. June 14 1923 - "I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
    3. December 28, 1945 Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance.
    4. June 14, 1954 - "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
    5. September 8, 2023 post by A Daily Dose of History on Facebook:

      Francis Bellamy, a Baptist minister and one of the founders of the Society of Christian Socialists, composed the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892, intending that school children recite it as part of the celebration of the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ arrival in the New World. The pledge was very well received and soon became part of every school’s morning rituals.

      The pledge as Bellamy composed it was: “I pledge allegiance to my flag and the republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” Children would begin with their hand over their hearts, then extend their right arm toward the flag, palm up, when they got to the words “my flag.” During World War II the arm-extension (called “the Bellamy salute”) was eliminated because of its resemblance to the Nazi salute.

      In 1954, during the height of the Cold War, the words “under God” were added to the Pledge to distinguish America from the godless Soviets (one critic of the Pledge had argued that as originally written, “even little Muscovites could say it”).

      Bellamy lived in Tampa, Florida during the last years of his life, dying there in 1931 at age 76.

      The Pledge of Allegiance, written by Francis Bellamy, was first published on September 8, 1892, one hundred thirty-one years ago today

      The photo shows school children reciting the Pledge and giving the Bellamy salute.

First column, 3. Salute to the Flag, by the pupils. The Youth's Companion 1892-09-08: Vol 65 Iss 36, Publication date 1892-09-08 on Archive.org
At a signal from the Principal the pupils, in ordered ranks, hands to the side, face the Flag. Another signal is given; every —_ gives the Flag the military salute—right hand lifted, palm downward, to a line with the forehead and close to it. Standing thus, all repeat together, slowly: ‘I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands: one Nation indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all.’’ At the words, ‘‘to my Flag,”’ the right hand is extended gracefully, palm upward, towards the Flag, and remains in this gesture till the end of the affirmation; whereupon all hands immediately drop to the side. Then, still standing, as the instruments strike a chord, all will sing AMERICA—‘“*My Country, ’tis of Thee.”

1892, October 12

October 12, 2014 post by The History Center on Facebook:

From today's Writer's Almanac: It was on this day in 1892 that the Pledge of Allegiance was recited en masse for the first time, by more than 2 million students. It had been written just a month earlier by a Baptist minister named Francis Bellamy, who published it in Youth's Companion and distributed it across the country. It was recited on this day to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's arrival in the Americas. It was slightly shorter in its 1892 version: "I pledge allegiance to my flag and the Republic for which it stands — one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

After that, it got revised twice, and both revisions made the Pledge wordier. The first was in 1923, when it was changed from "my flag" to "the flag of the United States of America." This change was made to ensure that immigrants were pledging to the American flag and not the flags of their home countries. The second change was to add the words "under God." A few determined preachers worked for years to get it changed, but it wasn't until 1954 that it was amended. President Eisenhower attended a sermon by the Reverend George Docherty, who said: "Apart from the mention of the phrase, 'the United States of America,' this could be a pledge of any republic. In fact, I could hear little Muscovites repeat a similar pledge to their hammer-and-sickle flag in Moscow with equal solemnity." Eisenhower was convinced and within a few months the Pledge was amended to include "under God" as a way to distinguish this country from the Soviet Union.

1892, November 23 - Indiana's earliest known basketball game debuted in Evansville. From INDIANA’S EARLIEST KNOWN BASKETBALL GAMES by Chandler Lighty published November 23, 2015 on Hoosier State Chronicles Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program.

1892, November 29 - the first patent for the rotary dial telephone was awarded, was first introduced in 1904, did not enter service in the Bell System until 1919, and was popular until 1962 when "Touch-Tone" technology with new "push-button dial" phones became more popular.

1892-1893 photo of Fort Wayne city council members at History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network posted March 23, 2017 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

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Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory by R.L. Polk & Co. cn, Publication date 1893 on Archive.org

1893 Chicago World's Fair introduced electricity to Americans

1893: Old City Hall, now the home of the Allen County - Fort Wayne Historical Society, is built. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1893: Nix v. Hedden decision by the Supreme Court of the United States affirmed that the tomato should be classified as a vegetable rather than a fruit under the ordinary meaning of the words "fruit" and "vegetable," where a tomato is classified as a vegetable, instead of the botanical meaning where a tomato is a fruit. From WIkipedia.

1893 - The last reported wild deer was killed in Knox County in 1893.

May 19, 2022 post by Historic Southern Indiana on Facebook:

#ThrowbackThursday - Did you know that white-tailed deer were non-existent in Indiana for over 40 years due to overhunting? The last reported wild deer was killed in Knox County in 1893. From 1934 to 1942, 296 deer were purchased from other states and released in Indiana through a program from the Department of Conservation (the forerunner to today's DNR). In this 1934 photo, deer are being released from crates into Ferdinand State Forest.

Photo courtesy of Indiana Album Flick Family Collection

How did deer get to Indiana? by Woody Williams posted Dec 8, 2005 on Hunt-Indiana.com. This is a copy of an OLD report on restocking of deer in Indiana.

13. Cariacus virginianus (Bodd). Virginia deer.
Newton County. Extinct. Last deer killed was twenty years ago (1874). One was seen three years ago (1891).
Jasper County. Deer killed about 1890 (Pfrimmer).
Knox County. Found at one time in countless numbers. Now only met with occasionally in the cypress swamps of this county (Chansler).
Copied from page 83 of Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science by Indiana Academy of Science Publication date 1894 on Archive.org . See 146 more publications of the Indiana Academy of Science on Archive.org

‘Good Ol’ Days’ of Indiana wildlife weren’t so good by Indiana Connection posted on April 21, 2022 in IN Outdoors. History of white-tailed deer in Indiana - from White-tailed Deer Biology by Indiana Department of Natural Resources has this list:

  • 1893: Last reported wild deer killed in Knox County.
  • 1934-1942: 296 deer purchased for release from Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania and North Carolina.
  • 1943: Deer population estimated at 900 deer.
  • 1951: First deer season in 58 years—three days in November. (13 percent success rate.)
  • 1953-1955: 111 deer released throughout the state, with last releases in Sullivan and Ripley counties.
  • 1956: Deer trapping and relocation program began with 500 deer relocated.
  • 1975: Deer harvest near 9,000.
  • 1985: Deer harvest exceeds 32,000.

1893, February 28 - the USS Indiana was launched in Philadelphia with 10,000 people in attendance, including President Benjamin Harrison. The ship served in the Spanish-American War as part of the North Atlantic Fleet. Read more Launching of USS Indiana (BB 1), the Navy’s first battleship by NHHC published February 28, 2014 on Naval History Blog. Via February 28, 2016 Facebook post by Indiana Bicentennial Commission on Facebook.

1893, June 12 - End of an Era - historian Frederick Jackson Turner delivered an academic paper saying that the American Frontier had closed based on 1890 Census data that showed that migration from the East, the building of railroads and hundreds of new towns had combined to forge a single nation from coast-to-coast.


The burgeoning interest in local history in Fort Wayne 1887-1894 - Potterf, Rex M, "
Reprinted with the special permission of the Allen County - Fort Wayne Historical Society." Archive.org

1894 - Art souvenir of representative men, public buildings, private residences, business houses - Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County, Cover title: Art souvenir of the Fort Wayne gazette, 1894, a photograph collection Archive.org.

1894: The city opens its first public library in a room at the city building. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1894 - President Grover Cleveland, first used electric lights on a White House Christmas tree in 1894, three years after electricity had been installed in the mansion. Copied from a longer December 21, 2022 post by National Historical Publications and Records Commission on Facebook. See Christmas at the White House and What is the history of Christmas decorations at the White House? at The White House Historical Association.

Fort Wayne up to date (1894) - describes Fort Wayne of 1894 people and businesses with advertising similar to a newspaper. Archive.org.

1894, April 14 - the editors of the Indiana Farmer wrote about soybeans: “In this country experiments are being made with the plants for forage. It remains to be seen whether it is adapted to our climate. They are not quoted in our seed catalogs.” The editors raised the legitimate question about whether soybeans could grow successfully in Indiana. The next spring Adrian A. Parsons, likely after a few years of experimentation, planted the first of successive crops of the legume on his Hendricks County farm. Parsons’ advocacy for planting soybeans earned him the moniker “the soybean crank” from his more-skeptical fellow farmers. Parsons, however, was proved correct as the crop becamemore widely grown in the 1920s and 1930s. By 1939, Indiana ranked second in the nation in soybean production with over 1.3 million acres planted. Copied from an April 14, 2019 post by the Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1894, June 28 - Labor Day was established as a holiday for federal employees. See photo of 1939 San Francisco parade on The making of Labor Day on theSmithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

1894, July 4 - Elwood Haynes, inventor of America's first car, took his first ride in his experimental gasoline powered automobile. On July 4, 1922, a plaque and historical monument was dedicated in Kokomo to commemorate Elwood Haynes’ first ride in his experimental gasoline powered automobile. The ride took place on July 4, 1894. This photograph of Haynes and his first automobile was taken during the monument dedication. Haynes donated the car to the Smithsonian, and it is one of the earliest made cars in the museum’s collection. Copied from a July 4, 2022 post by the Indiana State Library on Facebook. Elwood Haynes: Indiana’s Automotive Pioneer The memory of inventor, industrialist, and automotive pioneer Elwood Haynes is alive and well in his adopted hometown of Kokomo. on Indiana Landmarks.org.

December 19, 1894 Fort Wayne News newspaper had a story about run away horse wagons causing damage on Lafayette and Calhoun Streets fromthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

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Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory by R.L. Polk & Co. cn , Publication date 1895 on Archive.org

1895 - Fort Wayne Centennial

February 25, 2016 post by The History Center on Facebook:

#TBT to Fort Wayne's Centennial Celebration, c. 1895. Looking south on Calhoun towards Wayne St. in #dtfw.

1895 - Fort Wayne's Centennial celebration is one year late! City forgot its birthday, but threw a party anyway by Kevin Leininger published March 6, 1982 in Cityscapes - People & Places series of articles from the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper. An 1895 postcard photo and more was discussed November 29, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group only visible to existing members on Facebook.

1895 - Fort Wayne Centennial. You never know where you will find photos. There are Annual message of ... , mayor of Fort Wayne, Ind. with annual reports of heads of departments of the city government for the fiscal year ending .. by Fort Wayne (Ind.) for various years on Archive.org with at least 17 Annual message of ... , mayor of Fort Wayne, Ind. online so far with old photos on various pages inside the 500 or more pages of each issue as shown by the No. 1 Engine House During Fort Wayne Centennial on page 236 below for 1901. Flipping thru the pages found photos for the fire stations and views of local parks. More is sure to be found if someone has time to look!

1895 - Fort Wayne City Library opens - eventually becomes the Allen County Public Library. See our library page with ebook, videos and more.

1895, June 1 - Ft. Wayne, Ind May 23 - A shocking accident occurred yesterday during the parade of Ringling's circus. A horse attached to a buddy standing on Columbia Street took fright at the elephants and plunged into a crowd of women and children; injuring at least 18 people and shashing six baby carriages. The dead: Mrs. Eliza LeMay, struck square in the face and died shortly afterward without regaining consciousness. The fatally injured: Mrs. Frederick Wehner had scalp wound and internally injured; will die. Harry Wehner, 3 years old, skull fractured, will die. The others are all badly bruised about the head and body, but not fatally hurt. Suits will be brought against the proprietors of the circus. Copied from the Crawfordsville, Montgomery County, Indiana Weekly Argus News June 1, 1895 page 7 in December 2017 by Karen Zach county co-ordinator for Montgomery County, INGenWeb.


Newspaper article on runaway horses

1896 - Wing & Mahurin, architects, Fort Wayne, Ind 1896 - Wing & Mahurin, drawings ... a record of a few of the many buildings erected from plans prepared by us and under our supervision, and many sketches on file in our office of public institutions, municipal buildings, schools, churches, residences, etc. ... Archive.org.

1896: Robison Park, considered the leading pleasure park in Indiana, opens seven miles north of the city at the end of a new streetcar line. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1896: Fort Wayne Professionals are affiliated with Cleveland Indians, becoming first minor-league farm team. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1896, May 9 - Fort Wayne News newspaper reports farmer Samuel Mills had a team of runaway horses running down East Columbia Street.

1896, May 18 - Minutes (1896) of Associated Charities of Fort Wayne, Photocopy of holograph originals Archive.org.

1896, May 18 - The Supreme Court issued its decision on Plessy v. Ferguson. It gave constitutional credence to segregation in public spaces that would stand until Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

1896, June 4 - Henry Ford successfully tests his quadricycle, horseless carriage, through the streets of Detroit. - see photo posted June 4, 2022 by American Experience | PBS on Facebook or March 21, 2013 by Time Travelers - come travel back in time on Facebook.

1896, August 6 - a book The silver question, an address ... - Taylor, Robert S, DELIVERED AT FORT WAYNE, IND., AUGUST 6, 1896, BEFORE THE SOLDIERS' SONS AND CITIZENS' REPUBLICAN CLUB at Archive.org.

1896, October 15 - the first Rural Free Delivery post offices were established in Indiana at Hartsville and Hope. The service delivered mail directly to rural residents and eliminated the need to pick up mail at distant post offices or pay for delivery. John Wanamaker, U.S. Postmaster General from 1889 to 1893 reasoned that with Rural Free Delivery, businesses could expand their markets, important information could be spread more quickly in rural areas, and young people might be more likely to stay on the farm if things like magazines and mail delivery items were more readily available. In the early years of Rural Free Delivery, everything from lard pails to old cigar boxes were used as mailboxes, but by 1901 it was decided that a standardized box would improve service. From then on out, specifications had to be met. Copied from an October 15, 2022 post by the Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

  1. Postal history Rural free delivery with photos at the United States Postal Service USPS.com.
  2. Rural Free Delivery with photos at Smithsonian National Postal Museum.
  3. FreightWaves Classics: Rural Free Delivery led to road improvements by Scott Mail, October 1, 2021 with photos at FreightWaves The Nerve Center of the Global Supply Chain.
  4. The History of Rural Route Delivery Without Rural Free Delivery, country folk and farmers would still travel miles to town for their mail and news by Marilyn Jones at Grit Rural American Know-How.
  5. Rural Free Delivery at Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

1896 , December 31 - Fort Wayne News 101 year old Lucy Aldrich dies in Butler, Indiana, born in Vermont March 17, 1795 from the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

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Fort Wayne illustrated (1897) Archive.org.

The 1897 city directory discussed renumbering houses on page 6

1897: The federal government ends the tribal recognition of the Indiana branch of the Miamis. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1897: H.W. Meyer brings the first automobile to Fort Wayne. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper. Auto license plates were supplied by the owner and did not require a year until 1913. See an image of license plates over the years posted July 25, 2019 by The Indiana Album on Facebook. This first automobile was discussed with photos of early automobiles February 16, 2022 on True Fort Wayne Indiana History on Facebook.

1897, January 18: the Indiana Pi Bill #246 submitted, then almost passed February 5 by the 1897 Indiana General Assembly was actually a method to square the circle, rather than to establish a certain value for the mathematical constant π (pi), the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. Read the Indiana Pi Bill at Purdue.edu and the text of the bill HB 246, 1897 and on Wikipedia. See a short summation on Indiana Almost Made Pi Equal to 3.2, and Other Pi Day Facts published March 13, 2015 on the Smithsonian.com. See the Indiana Pi Bill meme Facebook post Februry 5, 2016 by Indiana Bicentennial Commission on Facebook.

1897, February 5 -The Indiana Pi Bill when lawmakers in Indiana almost passed a bill that erroneously changed the value of pi to a solid 3.2.

February 5, 2016 post by Indiana Bicentennial Commission on Facebook:

ON THIS DAY // On On February 5, 1897, Lawmakers in Indiana almost passed a bill that erroneously changed the value of pi to a solid 3.2. You can read the full story here: http://bit.ly/1UpaNOI via Purdue Agricultural Economics














1897, March - the Indiana General Assembly passed a law requiring doctors and midwives who wished to practice medicine to procure a license. Read more in the June 3, 2013 Indiana News monthly by the Indiana Genealogical Society.

1897, April 19 - the first Boston Marathon is run.

"Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus"

1897, September 21 - The famous "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" editorial was first published 125 years ago, in 1897. This now-iconic response to 8-year-old Virginia O'Hanlon's question about Santa's existence was written by Francis Church for The Sun newspaper in New York. This clipping shows that original version! Copied from a December 22, 2022 post by Newspapers.comon Facebook linking to Is There a Santa Claus? Clipped from The Sun New York, New York, 21 Sep 1897, Tue sday, page 6 by staff_reporter, 13 December 2022 on Newspapers.com.

1897, November 17 - the cornerstone of the new Allen County Courthouse was laid - see photo of the crowd at History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network. On September 23, 1902 the building was dedicated with a final cost of $817,553.59. Designed by Brentwood S. Tolan, it is now a National Historic Landmark. On September 23, 2002, the building was re-dedicated on its centennial after an $8.6 million seven-year restoration effort. Copied from Allen County Courthouse (Indiana) on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. It is called the largest public gathering in Fort Wayne history from a May 7, 2015 Tweet by Visit Fort Wayneon Twitter. Also found on 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

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Standard atlas of Allen County, Indiana : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county ... patrons directory, reference business directory ... by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. cn, Publication date 1898 on Archive.org. Shows a lot of towns listed on our Towns page. The same map with zoomable individual pages, directories of names, and photos in the Illustrations tabas at Indiana Allen County 1898 Geo. A. Ogle, 1898 at Historic Map Works.

Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory by R.L. Polk & Co. cn Publication date 1898 on Archive.org

Welcome Arch
Fort Wayne's Welcome Arch
The History Center mdon collection

1898 - the Welcome Arch 1898 historic photo was posted in a newly opened Meijer store and discussed May 27, 2022 on True Fort Wayne Indiana History on Facebook. It is explained in the article Street fair a festive affair in 1898 where B.J. Griswold gave it just a brief mention in his well-known history of Fort Wayne, when he wrote, "A street fair of large proportions was held in October 1898." But at the time, to the 45,000 residents of Fort Wayne, the 1898 Street Fair and Carnival was the biggest thing to hit this town since H.W. Meyer puttered down Main Street with the first horseless carriage the year before. Copied from a longer article by Richaed Battin published July 14, 1993 in the Summit City History Notes in the The News-Sentinel newspaper. The photo is from the Fort Wayne's Welcome Arch photo with the Description: Photograph of Welcome Arch at Calhoun Street and Lewis Street, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is on the right. and Source: Photograph : black and white ; 10 x 8 inches; Handwritten on back: "Probably Calhoun at Lewis with Cathedral at right, 1898.". A similar photo is also labeled Fort Wayne's Welcome Arch with the Description: Photograph of Welcome Arch and clown on Calhoun Street , Fort Wayne, Indiana. Source: Photograph : black and white ; 5 x 6 9/16 inches; Handwritten on back: "Reprints from negative: Bob Parker, 2447 Broadway, 456-3271." Several more result on a Calhoun Street search at the History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network.

1898 - Caleb Bradham invents the carbonated soft drink later to be called "Pepsi-Cola." See a 1916 Pepsi delivery wagon on SCDL Collections hosted by Clemson University Libraries in Greenville County, South Carolina.

1898, March 19

April 3, 2023 post by the Indiana State Library on Facebook:

The Indiana Woman - later known as Illustrated Indiana Weekly - included stories, society mentions and photos. The March 19, 1898 issue gave tips on “making exposures” since it relied on reader-submitted photos for content. https://bit.ly/3ZBxK8U #Indiana #women #photo















1898, April 11 - U.S. President William McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war with Spain. Congress would debate the resolution for almost two weeks and would not officially declare war against Spain until April 25, 1898. Act of April 25, 1898, Public Law 55-69, 30 STAT 364, which declared war between the United States and Spain.

1898, April 25 - Governor James A. Mount called for 4000 volunteers to fight in the war with Spain. Response was strong and Indiana was the first state in the nation to meet its quota. From an April 25, 2013 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1898, August 25 - Fort Wayne News reports a 79 year old man walks a cow for a farmer the 45 miles from Wabash to Fort Wayne arriving on the 2nd day. From a November 21, 2012 post by the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1898, December 10 - Treaty of Paris ends Spanish-American War on History.com.

Sleighing scene December 16, 1898 by Thomas A. Edison, Inc., 1898 on West Side Drive in Central Park New York at The Library of Congress.

1898, December 31 - Fort Wayne News newspaper discusses Hope Hospital improvements fromthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1898-1902 Allen County, Indiana Circuit Court Record, General Index Book #4 1898-1902 (A-Z) Archive.org.

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1899 Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory by R.L. Polk & Co. cn on Archive.org

1899 - first successful goldfish farm in the United States was opened in Martinsville, Indiana. Grassyfork Fisheries was established in 1899 by Eugene Shireman in Martinsville, Indiana. Shireman inherited swampy land in Martinsville that was ill-suited for farming and at the time goldfish were gaining popularity within the United States. The first goldfish had arrived from China around 20 years prior and there were limited sources within the United States. Indiana: First in Goldfish Farms? December 9, 2018 by OrangeBean.com. The "Goldfish Capital of the World" might be closer than you think by Mitch Legan, posted May 13, 2022 at IndianaPublicMedia.org.

Grassyfork Fisheries Historical Video by Ozark Fisheries Sep 10, 2021 on YouTube.
Grassyfork Fisheries was started in 1899 and is one of the oldest continuously operated private fish farms in the United States. Grassyfork was acquired by Ozark Fisheries in the 1970s and continues to raise goldfish and koi. This historical video is a TV feature from the late 1930s or early 1940s.

August 22, 2012 post by Indiana Landmarks on Facebook:

Ever won a goldfish at the fair? Chances are strong it came from here: Grassyfork Fisheries in Martinsville, this week on Where We Live. 







January 25, 2013 post by Historic Grassyfork Fisheries Building on Facebook:

UPDATE: The Grassyfork Fisheries property was recently sold to a preservation-minded buyer! Thanks to everyone for your support of this historic structure and of the Morgan County Historic Preservation Society!

July 17, 2014 post by Ozark Fisheries on Facebook:

Throwing it WAY back this #tbt. Our Indiana location, founded in 1899, was originally named Grassyfork Fisheries. We've heard a few stories that local folks out raccoon hunting, could find their way out of the woods on dark nights by looking for the neon Grassyfork sign.









June 12, 2018 post by Martinsville ArchiCamp on Facebook:

Grassyfork Fisheries raised not only goldfish but also lilies and other types of plants for fish ponds, trees, and beef cattle. Water lilies were displayed in the glass conservatory on the east side of the building (facing the state highway). See the next image for a view of the interior.











1899: The first rural free mail delivery begins for 800 people in the southern part of the county. Copied from 1000 TO 1900 Millennium milestones in Fort Wayne in the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1899 - Mary E. Landon is believed to be the first woman in the United States to drive a gas powered automobile in Kokomo. from a May 4, 2015 post on Facebook by the Indiana Bicentennial Commission.

Indiana Pure Food & Drug Act of 1899
Pure Food Act

1899 - Indiana Pure Food & Drugs Act of 1899 from Food Fight Dr. John Hurty's Battle for Public Health & the Indiana Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1899 at IMHM - Indiana Medical History Museum.








ca. 1900 milk hazard cartoon
Public Health image

Fighting for healthy milk, page 12 of the 16-page Public Health in March 1989 The Indiana Historian A Magazine Exploring Indiana History . Cartoon on right caption: According to Rice (161) “in 1896 it was a very serious matter indeed if a mother could not nurse her own child. . . . few such children even lived to adult life. . . . The biggest reason for all this was . . . the very poor quality of the milk which was available for baby feeding and for use by the public in general.” This cartoon by Gaar Williams visualizing the situation appeared in the Indianapolis News (date unknown, circa 1900). The caption reads, “It looks like a tough battle for the little fellow” (Rice, 163). Williams was a famous Hoosier cartoonist.

March 12, 2023 post by Smithsonian Magazine on Facebook:

In the late 1800s, milk and dairy products could be teeming with dangerous bacteria, contaminated by worms, hair and even manure.

The 19th-Century Fight Against Bacteria-Ridden Milk Preserved With Embalming Fluid In an unpublished excerpt from her new book The Poison Squad, Deborah Blum chronicles the public health campaign against tainted dairy products, by Deborah Blum, Undark Magazine, October 5, 2018 on Smithsonian Magazine.

Battling the Scourge of ‘Embalmed Milk’ – A Story From Our Past by Kathy Voth, November 12, 2018 on OnPasture.com.

Have you ever wondered how we arrived at our current dairy regulations? Well here’s part of the story. From Deborah Blum and Undark.org, here’s how an obscure Indiana public health official pioneered a campaign against tainted dairy products at the turn of the 20th century.

At the turn of the 20th century, Indiana was widely hailed as a national leader in public health issues. This was almost entirely due to the work of two unusually outspoken scientists. Harvey W. Wiley, the father of the “Pure Food and Drugs Act.”

One was Harvey Washington Wiley, a one-time chemistry professor at Purdue University who had become chief chemist at the federal Department of Agriculture and the country’s leading crusader for food safety. The other was John Newell Hurty, Indiana’s chief public health officer, a sharp-tongued, hygiene-focused — cleanliness “is godliness” — official who was relentlessly determined to reduce disease rates in his home state.

June 30, 2022 post by American Experience | PBS on Facebook:

The Pure Food and Drug Act was signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 30, 1906, regulating for the first time the traffic of adulterated or mislabeled food and drug products.











Thousands of crickets

1899 - Society of Art (1898-1899) - Fort Wayne Society of Art. Archive.org.

1899, May 2 - German drug maker Bayer registers Aspirin as a trademark in US.

1899, August 5 - thousands of crickets cover sidewalks in Fort Wayne from Fort Wayne News newspaper posted July 16, 2017 onthe original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1899, September 13 - Henry H. Bliss, a pedestrian in New York City, was the first person struck and killed by an automobile in the United States. He died the next day on September 14, 1899.

August 18, 1899 first car in Fort Wayne

1899, August 18 - August 18, 1899 Fort Wayne News newspaper The first car in Fort Wayne was discussed October 27, 2012 and again April 1, 2013 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1899, November 23 - Fort Wayne News newspaper reports finding 2 Indian graves while excavating for a new building on West Wayne Street discussed November 23, 2012 and again April 2, 2013 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1899, October 6 - Indiana first started using voting machines in elections. The machines had to be able to show the tickets of 7 political parties, and voters had 3 minutes to cast their vote. Copied from October 6, 2014 post by Indiana Genenealogical Societyon Facebook.

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