1910-1919 Timeline of Allen County, Indiana

A page of photos with anything from car accidents and construction projects to family reunions and fishermen showing off their catch was published every Sunday in the early 1900s Journal Gazette newspapers. Several examples from the 1916s and 1917s are seen in the Early 1900s: Journal Gazette Picture Pages by Corey McMaken published April 11, 2019 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.

1911 - 1912 - 1913 - 1914 - 1915 - 1916 - 1917 - 1918 - 1919

1910

1910 - U.S. population was 91,972,266 (up 21 percent from 1900). From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1910 - Fort Wayne's population was 63,933 (up from 45,115 in 1900) while the World population surpasses 1.5 billion. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1910 - Daily newspapers number highest ever, 2,600. The number was 2,500 in 1920. The era of muckraking. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1910 - postcard "Birdseye view from Electric Light Tower of Fort Wayne Indiana discussed March 23, 2017 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1910 - Report of Charles Mulford Robinson for Fort Wayne civic improvement association (1910) - Robinson, Charles Mulford, 1869-1917. Archive.org ebook

1910 - Fort Wayne with might and main : Indiana's busiest, happiest city (1910) compiled and published by Ralph E. Avery Archive.org ebook.

1910 - photo of downtown area around the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception discussed January 13, 2018 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.

1910, January 5 - Fort Wayne News newspaper story about Marion Black the first man to have a car in Fort Wayne, one of the first to have a low-wheel bicycle, wanted to build the First Aeroplane Here. From the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1910, January 13 - electron tube inventor Lee De Forest arranged the world’s first radio broadcast to the public in New York City.

1910, April 15 - Chas. E. Irwin(sp?), the census enumerator, started recording the 13th U.S. Federal Census in Aboite Township.

1910 - August 10, 11, 12 - Souvenir book of Indiana State Firemen's Association convention held at Fort Wayne, August 10, 11, 12, 1920 - Indiana State Firemen's Association. Archive.org ebook.

1910, October 23 - in the air above Fort Wayne Driving Park, Miss Blanche Stuart Scott  became the first woman in America to make a solo public flight by airplane.

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1911

City directory Part 1 photocopy through Hofer

City directory Part 2 photocopy Hofer through Stopher

City directory Part 3 photocopy Stoppenhagen through the end

1911 - German-American Trusts Company organized . From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1911 - Fort Wayne with might and main : Indiana's busiest, happiest city / [compiled and published by Ralph E. Avery] (1911) - Avery, Ralph E. (Ralph Emmett), comp Archive.org ebook.

1911, May - the Weather Bureau Office was established in Fort Wayne at the SE corner of Berry & Calhoun streets. See their Twitter intersection photo and the first observation taken May 20, 1911 at 7 a.m on the roof top shown in their Twitter photo.

1911, November 4 - Chevrolet officially enters the auto market in competition against the Ford Model T. See a photo of a 1914 Chevrolet roadster or America on the Move which explores the role of transportation in American history on the National Museum of American History.

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1912

1912 - Famous Italian pictures and their story, with sketch of the artists ...(1912) - Haberly-Robertson, Frances Maria Stimson, 1852- Archive.org ebook.

1912 - the Star-Spangled Banner was gifted to the Smithsonian Institution formerly on loan since 1907 from New York stockbroker Eben Appleton who inherited it in 1878 upon his mother's death. From the Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

1912, January 6 - New Mexico becomes 47th state

1912, February 14 - Arizona becomes 48th state

1912, March 12 - Juliette Low establishes the American Girl Guides in Savannah, Georgia later known as the Girl Scouts. Summer memories of Girl Scouting in 1919, now online January 29, 2013 Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

1912, April 14 - the RMS Titanic struck an iceberg.

1912, April 16 - ocean liner Titanic Sinks Carrying Hundreds To Their Deaths is the front page story of The Journal Gazette newspaper.

1912 July 4 - Formal dedication of Foster Park. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1912, October 14 -  Theodore Roosevelt was shot in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The bullet tore through his overcoat, pierced the manuscript of his speech, flattened his steel spectacle case, and drove into his chest. Despite his wound, Roosevelt still insisted on making his scheduled speech. From October 14, 2014 post on American Experience on Facebook. See also The Speech That Saved Teddy Roosevelt's Life by Patricia O'Toole published in November 2012 on Smithsonian.com.

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1913

1913 - Fort Wayne, Indiana : a presentation of her resources, achievements and possibilities ...(1913) - Gardner, H. W., comp Archive.org ebook.

1913 - Pamphlets (Volume 5 - 1913) - Illustrated Guide to the Allen County Court House, Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County Archive.org ebook.

1913 - the U.S. Navy issues white tee shirts as a standard part of sailors' uniforms as underwear with a crew neck. Readers share stories as T-shirt turns 100 by Rosa Salter Rodriguez published September 15, 2013 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.

1913 - Fred W. Wolf of Fort Wayne, Indiana, invents the first refrigerator for home use, a small unit mounted on top of an old-fashioned icebox and requiring external plumbing connections. Copied from Household Appliances Timeline on greatachievements.org.

 1913, February 3 - three-quarters of the states ratified the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Indiana ratified it January 30, 1911 from Wikipedia. It was certified by Secretary of State Philander C. Knox on February 25, 1913. In 1861, the Civil War prompted the first American income tax, a flat 3 percent on all incomes over $800. In 1894, Congress enacted a 2-percent tax on annual income over $4,000, but it was quickly struck down as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. July 12, 1909, Congress passed a joint congressional resolution proposing an income tax amendment. The first Internal Revenue Bureau Form 1040, as provided by Public Law 63-16, was approved October 3, 1913. From The 16th Amendment and 100 years of Federal income taxes on the The National Archives Prologue: Pieces of History blog.

1913, February 25 - 16th Amendment to the Constitution adopted (graduated income tax).

1913, March 10 - the Indiana legislature passed a bill setting the third Friday of April as Arbor Day. Originally, April 11, 1884 was declared the first Arbor Day in Indiana. Between 1884 and 1912, Arbor Day was observed on various dates at the discretion of the governor. The most common date was the last Friday of October. It is not known why a fall date was chosen over a spring day. ... In 1929, an amendment was passed in the legislature changing the date to the second Friday in April. Due to frequent conflicts with school spring vacations and the fact that Arbor Day occasionally fell on Good Friday, the date was again changed in 1991 to the last Friday of April, corresponding to the official date of the National Arbor Day. Copied from Learn more about Indiana Arbor Day on the Indiana DNR - Indiana Department of Natural Resourcesweb site.

1913, March 13 - Fort Wayne News ad stating the largest horse and mule market in northern Indiana was in Fort Wayne at 1001 Wells Street from Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana.

1913, March 14 - the Indiana General Assembly adopted the official state song: On the Banks of the Wabash Far Away by Paul Dresser (Indiana Code: IC 1-2-6-1). See the Indiana State Song on IN.gov. From March 14, 2018 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. See Indiana State Song on Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog.

1913, March 21 - the heavy rains started leading to the Great 1913 Flood, a 100 year flood, when the Maumee River rose from seven feet to twenty-six feet overnight. 26.1 feet is the highest ever recorded flood stage for the Maumee River from Fort Wayne Indiana Climate at the National Weather Service. The worst flooding Fort Wayne has ever seen. Fifeteen thousand people fled their houses and six people died. That left 20% of the city homeless. What is now Headwaters Park the confluence of the three rivers was the epicenter of the flood. Some flooded streets were Wells, Eureka (now Clair), Spy Run, Columbia Street bridge, Clinton around Fourth, Superior, Calhoun. The Fort Wayne Baseball League Park, located in what is now Phase I or the western portion of Headwaters Park, flooded where famous baseball players Babe Ruth, Bobby Matthews, and Zane Grey played. The flood led to the city building flood walls around some neighborhoods. See the blog The City That Saved Itself--TWICE! March 6, 2013 by Nancy McCammon-Hansen on History Center Notes & Queries blog and 'Our National Calamity': The Great Easter 1913 Flood...2013 is the centennial....

1913, March 23 - the Great Flood devastated much of Indiana, as the Ohio and Wabash rivers and their tributaries spilled over banks and levees across the state. For days, the flood swept through Indiana and proved to be one of the worst weather disasters in Midwest history, causing hundreds to lose their lives and thousands their homes. Film star Carole Lombard was one of thousands impacted and her Fort Wayne childhood home became a rescue center. Copied from a March 23, 2019 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1913, April 8 - the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified establishing direct popular election of senators. Previously, members of the Senate were elected by each state's legislature.

1913, April 16 - Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel newspaper article about William Dawkins, age 91, the oldest resident in New Haven passed away. Born in England, he came to Fort Wayne in 1841, then the next year moved to Maples not far from New Haven. From the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1913, May 31 - the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution providing popular, or direct, election of senators by voters won approval by the required three-fourths of the state legislatures by April 8, 1913, and was declared part of the Constitution, the 17th Amendment, on May 31 by Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan. This changed Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution, which says: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one vote. Read more at The 17th Amendment Observes Its Centennial on The National Archives Prologue: Pieces of History blog.

1913, June 14 - several newspapers ran stories stating that the postmaster had officially decreed that children could no longer be sent through the mail. From A Brief History of Children Sent Through the Mail: In the early days of the parcel post, some parents took advantage of the mail in unexpected ways Read about another example.

Weather extremes

1913, June 19 - weather comments about record flood, tornado, cold and heat in Fort Wayne News newspaper shown on the right side.

1913, September 10 - the route of the Lincoln Highway, an idea by Indiana's Carl Fisher for the first coast-to-coast paved road, was revealed.

1913, October 3 - U.S. Income Tax was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson. The 16th Amendment, passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, was ratified February 3, 1913. See History of the US Income Tax on the Library of Congress web site. Indiana was the 15th state to ratify the 16th Amendment January 30, 1913. The United States Revenue Act of 1913 also known as the Tariff Act, Underwood Tariff, Underwood Tariff Act, or Underwood-Simmons Act re-imposed the federal income tax following the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment. See also Revenue Act of 1913 on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

1913, September 9 - the 100th Anniversary of First Annual Miller Family Reunion held September 4 at the home of Mrs. John Dawkins east of town from a photo in the The News-Sentinel newspaper. Reprinted in the September 2013 Allen County Lines quarterly publication of the Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana, pages 16-17 with additional information.

1913 newspaper photo of location Lincoln Highway dedication

1913, September 10 - the first coast-to-coast highway in the United States opened. Known as the Lincoln Highway, the road originally ran for almost 3,400 miles through 13 states. The original signage was a hodge podge mix and many signs were stolen by souvenir hunters or were not sturdy enough to last. In 1928 the Lincoln Highway Association working with Boy Scouts came up with a daring plan. They workd to place 3400 Concrete Markers across the country and secure The Lincoln Highway as a Living and Perputual Memorial to the Great Abraham Lincoln-All in one Day. From Accessible Archives on Facebook. See also The Lincoln Highway National Museum & Archives, 102 Old Lincoln Way West, Galion, Ohio 44833.

1913, October 31 - opening of the Lincoln Highway through New Have and Fort Wayne, Allen County, as well as Churubusco, Whitley County was shown in the November 1, 1913 The News-Sentinel newspaper. See photos of the 1913 newspaper and current location of the castle-like Holderman Home shown bottom left in the 1913 newspaper photo posted October 31, 2018 on Indiana Lincoln Highway Association on Facebook.

1913 - The Griswold-Phelps handbook and guide to Fort Wayne, Indiana, for 1913-1914 - Griswold, B. J. (Bert Joseph), 1873-1927 Includes advertising matter Archive.org ebook

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1914

1914 City Directory Part 1: Names through McPhail

1914 City Directory Part: 2 McPhail through the end

The Griswold-Phelps Handbooka and Guide to Ft. Wayne Indiana labeled Fort Wayne Indiana's Happiest City

1914 - first red-green traffic light introduced in Cleveland. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1914 - Penn Central Railroad station now Baker Street Station opens.

1914, February 19 - May Pierstorff, the most famous parcel post children packages, just short of her 6th birthday, was mailed from her parents’ home in Grangeville, Idaho to her grandparents’ house about 73 miles away for just 53-cents worth of stamps. Read more in Very Special Deliveries by Nancy Pope February 19, 2013 Smithsonian National Postal Museum.

1914 Flood Pictures

1914, May 13 - First Pictures of the 1914 Flood in The Journal Gazette newspaper was discussed May 14, 2013 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

1914, June 17 - the first transcontinental telephone line was completed near the border of the Nevada and Utah at Wendover joining East and West in voice communications for the first time. See photo on FamilySearch.org.

1914, July 31 - NYSE closes due to the outbreak of WWI. Does not reopen until December.

1914, August 5 - the first electric traffic light was installed in Cleveland, Ohio.

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Oaks, Pigeons and a Forgotten Era looks at the ecological impact of passenger pigeons and how they shaped our forests by The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered published September 19, 2018 on YouTube

1914, September 1 - Martha, the world's last Passenger Pigeon, died at the Cincinnati Zoo. The species lived in enormous migratory flocks until the early 20th century, when hunting and habitat destruction led to its demise. One flock in 1866 in southern Ontario was described as being 1 mi[le] (1.5 km) wide and 300 mi (500 km) long, took 14 hours to pass, and held in excess of 3.5 billion birds. That number, if accurate, would likely represent a large fraction of the entire population at the time. Some estimate 3 to 5 billion Passenger Pigeons were in the United States when Europeans arrived in North America. Others argue the species had not been common in the pre-Columbian period, but their numbers grew when devastation of the American Indian population by European diseases led to reduced competition for food. The species went from being one of the most abundant birds in the world during the 19th century to extinction early in the 20th century. At the time, Passenger Pigeons had one of the largest groups or flocks of any animal, second only to the Rocky Mountain locust. Read the rest of the article on Passenger Pigeon on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Passenger Pigeon published January 21, 2011 on IndianaStateMuseum YouTubechannel

Birds of America (1923); (Volume 2) an Archive.org ebook - Pearson, T. Gilbert (Thomas Gilbert), 1873-1943. This is Passenger Pigeons on pages 39-46, see Birds of America (1923); Volume 1 and Birds of America (1923); Volume 3 for information on other native birds.

  1. Read The Revival of the Passenger Pigeon? published July 9, 2013 on History.com.
  2. Why the Passenger Pigeon Went Extinct published May-June 2014 on Audubon.org.
  3. Martha, A Cold and Lonely Last Migration by Pamela M. Henson on June 26, 2014 on Smithsonian Institution Archives.
  4. You can see 2 passenger pigeons at the Indiana State Museum from their August 15, 2014 photo Tweet. They also tweeted: DYK? 16 places in Indiana have “pigeon” in their name, most likely referring to the now-extinct passenger pigeon. The term “stool pigeon” came from hunting passenger pigeons, hunters would tie a live bird to a stick or stool. And the last wild passenger pigeon was shot in Laurel, Indiana on April 3, 1902.
  5. 100 Years After Her Death, Martha, the Last Passenger Pigeon, Still Resonates The famed bird now finds itself at the center of a flap over de-extinction by William Souder on Smithsonian.com.
  6. Used for target practice, are they the origin of clay pigeons for target practice?
  7. Flocks that Darken the Heavens: The Passenger Pigeon in Indiana millions of pigeons darkened Indiana skies in the 1870's were seen by the last Hoosiers to see them by Annette Scherber published February 14, 2017 on Indiana Historical Bureau blog.
  8. “Passenger Pigeon Extinction” Indiana State Historical Marker Will Be Dedicated in Metamora, Indiana dedication April 3, 2017 on IN.gov. March 28, 2017 notice on Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.
  9. See April 3, 2017 photos and discussion of historical marker dedicated for the last verified passenger pigeon shot in the wild near Laurel, Indiana on April 3, 1902 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.
  10. More photos posted April 22, 2017 on Indiana State Parks on Facebook.

1914, November 17 - the Indianapolis Council of Boy Scouts was charted with a membership of 100 boys. From November 17, 2013 on Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1915

1915 City Directory Part 1 names through McNulty.

1915 City Directory Part 1 McNulty through the end.

1915 - Central fields city's first high school football team. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1915 - The Fort Wayne Friars bring professional football to Fort Wayne. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1915, March 24 - Sister Maria Henrica, 82, founder of the St. Joseph Hospital died. Born in Germany in 1833 as Josephine Siwecke, she came from to this country in 1868, then to Hessen Cassel with the Poor Handmaids of Jesus Christ, then came to Fort Wayne with Sisters Rosa and M. Matrona to organize a hospital opening May 4, 1869. After four years she traveled around the country founding hospitals. She was survied by her only relative Sister Maria Bella, eight years younger. Internment in the Catholic Cemetery. From the Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel newspaper.

1915, May 07 World War I: German submarine U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against the German Empire. From the Greatest Generations Foundation on Facebook.

1915, June 21 - A miles-long parade of automobiles from Fort Wayne to New Haven marked the dedication of the Fort Wayne section of the Lincoln Highway. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

Lincoln Highway Arch

1915, June 22 - The Lincoln Highway was dedicated one hundred and five years ago today[October 31, 1913]. Over the next few years, the nation’s first transcontinental highway would stretch from New York to San Francisco, crossing through Indiana and Allen County. Allen County’s section of the highway had its own dedication on June 22, 1915. The Hotel Anthony became a local control station for travelers starting in 1915, charging two dollars a night for a room including a bath. The reinforced concrete Lincoln Highway Bridge (today known as the Harrison Street Bridge), which cost $200,000 to construct, provided safe passage over the St. Mary’s River on the way out of town. In 1928, the Lincoln Highway Association erected concrete posts across the country with the aid of Boy Scouts of America to mark the route. The sections of highway in Allen County were later assigned numbers and became U.S. 30 and U.S. 33. Copied from an October 31, 2018 post by The History Center on Facebook with photos of maps, road construction, archways, Harrison Street Bridge, and more. One comment by Bruce Butgereit on the archway shown above stated: There were two of these illuminated arches in Fort Wayne. They were erected in 1915. According to newspaper accounts, one was at Maumee and Edsall Ave. (when the Lincoln Highway followed Maumee into town (pre-one way streets) and the other was on Wells just south of State. No record has been found as to how long they existed or what happened to them.

Liberty Bell in Fort Wayne, Indiana July 1915
The History Center photo

1915, July 6th - 50,000 person give reception to Liberty Bell, which was drawn along a Pennsylvania Railway sidetrack on Murray Street while en route from Philadelphia to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper. July 6, 2019 the The History Center posted a dozen or so photos of the crowds on Facebook. See photo of the Liberty Bell Parade in Fort Wayne Indiana at History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network. For more information see The Liberty Bell in Fort Wayne by Carmen Doyle published July 9, 2014 in the History Center Notes & Queries blog. The photo The Liberty Bell in Fort Wayne, Indiana, July, 1915 at The Indiana Album was posted March 29, 2018 on the Indiana Album on Facebook. One comment said the Fort Wayne appearance figured prominently in the 1915 Lincoln Highway dedication film, but because of the explosive film used back then it did not survive.

1915, September 4 - Kiilhsookhkwa (also spelled Kilsoquah) died in Huntington County at the age of 105. According to Fort Wayne's The History Center, she was the granddaughter of Little Turtle. Born in 1810, "she saw unprecedented change in her 105 years of life.  From growing up in a traditional Native woodland culture to the removal of her people from Indiana in 1846 to the industrialization of America, Kiilhsoohkwa experienced a changing of worlds during her lifetime. Throughout her life she spoke only the Miami language and her son Anthony Revarre acted as her interpreter. She and her son were allowed to stay in Indiana because of a resolution passed by Congress in 1850 exempting Miami who held treaty reserves, and their descendants, from removal." Copied from a September 4, 2018 post with an image showing Kiilhsookhkwa and her son in Huntington, Indiana by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Learn more here: KIILHSOOHKWA (KILSOQUAH) marker on IN.gov.

1915, October 23 - New Harmar school dedication ceremony attended by 10,000. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

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1916

Circuit-rider days in Indiana by Sweet, William Warren, 1881-1959; Publication date 1916; Topics Circuit riders, Methodist Church; Publisher Indianapolis : W. K. Stewart co

1916 - Railroad mileage peaks at 254,000 -- highest ever, past or future. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1916 - Report of the commission on taxation to the governor, 1916 - Indiana. Commission on Taxation an Archive.org ebook.

1916 - Indiana Centennial -  Report of Indiana Centennial commission to the General assembly 1913 an Archive.org ebook

1916 - Poems (1916) - Philley, Anna M. [from old catalog] Archive.org ebook.

1916, January 24 - a Fort Wayne News newspaper article by B. J. Griswold describing the book he was working on The Pictorial History of Fort Wayne, Indiana was requesting assistance getting it printed. His book was published in 1917. Was on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook.

The History Center Facebook photo
The History Center Facebook photo

1916, April 16 - In celebration of the state's centennial in 1916, The Journal Gazette solicited proposals in a competition to design Fort Wayne's first flag. The contest was inspired by city council's creation of a flag commission, and the winning design was announced 103 years ago today on April 16, 1916. The winner, Guy P. Drewett, received $50 for his submission of a flag with plain symbolism and two colors. Copied from an April 16, 2019 post with photos such as the flag on the right by The History Center on Facebook.

1916, June 1 - Telephone Directory- The Home Telephone & Telegraph Company

1916, June 4 - The Fort Wayne Centennial Pageant at Reservoir Park is recalled in a 72 page booklet called Glorious Gateway of the West Historical Pageant Indiana's Centennial Celebration Fort Wayne, Indiana June, 1916. Photos from the Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society are on the History Center Digital Collection on the mDON mastodon Digital Object Network. A week-long celebration with a historical pageant, concerts and a special visit by former President William Howard Taft included The Journal Gazette newspaper flag design contest. Read more including links to Newspaper.com images of 1916 newspapers and a story about the winner Guy Drewett whose slogan was Buy it from the GUY that DREW IT - Guy Drewett, designer of the Fort Wayne Flag was in The history behind Fort Wayne's flag on Flag Day Flag created during Indiana Centennial celebration in 1916 by Jaclyn Goldsborough published June 14, 2014 in The News-Sentinel newspaper. Yes, Fort Wayne has a flag! by Carmen Doyle published May 7, 2014 in History Center Notes & Queries blog. February 20, 2015 discussion on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook. See short video posted June 4, 2018 by The History Center on Facebook. CENTENNIAL CELEBRATIONS AROUND THE STATE on IN.gov has a copy of the 1916 brochure and states the following events were depicted in the pageant:

  • French trappers trading with the Indians
  • Fort Miami at the end of the French-Indian War
  • The Eve of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
  • The dedication of Fort Wayne and renaming of Fort Miami
  • War of 1812
  • Arrival of William Henry Harrison
  • Decommission of the Fort
  • Canal Building
  • The Civil War
The History Center Facebook photo
The History Center Facebook photo

1916, June 5-10 - a photo of Fort Wayne's Indiana Centennial Celebration posted April 16, 2019 by The History Center on Facebook is shown on the right. A similar newspaper photo was posted July 6, 2017 on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook and July 13, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Closed group on Facebook.

1916, June 9 - as part of the Centennial celebration, the Mary Penrose Wayne Chapter of Fort Wayne unveiled a memorial marker in the park strip at the foot of Dearborn Street in the Lakeside neighborhood. It was to mark the Harmar Ford battlefield in commeration of the American soldiers who lost their lives at this ford along the Maumee River, when Chief Little Turtle defeated the troops under the command of General Josiah Harmar October 22, 1790. See Google map Street view. See April 5, 2017 photo by RiverFrontFW on Instagram. The inscription:

To the Memory of Major John Wyllys
And His Brave Soldiers Who
Were Killed Near this Spot
In The Battle of
Harmar's Ford
Oct. 22, 1790
With the Indians Under
Chief Little Turtle

Read more on page 558 in The Pictorial History of Fort Wayne, Indiana: A Review of Two ..., Volume 1 by Bert Joseph Griswold, Mrs. Samuel R. Taylor, page 86 in United States Congressional serial set, Issue 7119, also page 86 in different titled Report of the National Society of the Daughters of the ..., Volumes 18-20. See photo posted on Harmers Ford Burial Site and Maj John Palsgrave Wyllys pages on Find A Grave. See map location at The Battle of Harmar's Ford on the Historical Marker Project which includes links to other nearby markers.

1916 June 9 inland waterway newspaper article
Newspaper image

1916, June 9 - newspaper article posted March 29, 2019 by Mitch Harper on Twitter. At one time, it was proposed to channelize the #MaumeeRiver from #Toledo to #FortWayne. Early in the 20th Century it was even proposed the waterway extend to Chicago for passage of #GreatLakes ships. The environmentally unsound idea did not meet with favor in 1916. However . . . For more read The Toledo to Chicago Canal. A Dream Never Dug by Lou Herbert published November 17, 2014 in the Toldeo Gazette WordPress blog.

1916, July 8 - Fort Wayne Weekly Sentinel mentions the Tuberculosis Hospital is called Fort Recovery.

1916, July 11 - race horse Dan Patch died at the age of 20. One of the most famous horses in history, he was born in Oxford, Indiana, and as a pacer broke world speed records at least 14 times in the early 1900s. Read more on Dan Patch at Indiana Historical Bureau.

1916, July 22 - Hoosier poet James Whitcomb Riley suffers fatal stroke. See Retro Indy: James Whitcomb Riley published July 22, 2015 in the IndyStar newspaper.

1916, November 7 - suffragist Jeannette Rankin becomes first U.S. congresswoman.

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1917

1917 - Fort Wayne City hospital renamed Hope Methodist Hospital at new location on West Lewis and Harrison Streets.

1917 - The pictorial history of Fort Wayne, Indiana : a review of two centuries of occupation of the region about the head of the Maumee River (Volume 1) - 1917, Griswold, B. J. (Bert Joseph), 1873-1927 Archive.org ebook.

1917 - The pictorial history of Fort Wayne, Indiana : a review of two centuries of occupation of the region about the head of the Maumee River (Volume 2) - 1917, Griswold, B. J. (Bert Joseph), 1873-1927 Archive.org ebook.

1917 - Nature lovers' poems (1917) - Mehl, Amos K Archive.org ebook.

1917, January 22 - a letter reached the Allen County Chapter House formally decreeing them a Chapter of the American Red Cross. Read their history The American Red Cross: A Light That Never Fades June 1, 2013 by Jamie Black on the American Red Cross of Indiana blog.

1917, February 3 - President Woodrow Wilson announces the break in official relations with Germany before Congress. See Today's Document at The National Archives.

1917, February 5 - 1917 Immigration Act (An act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States) at The University of Washington-Bothell Library

1917, April - printed edition of the Constitution of Indiana and of the United States at The Genealogy Center.

1917, April 2 - President Woodrow Wilson addressed a joint session of Congress to ask for a declaration of war against Germany. Congress granted the request on April 6 and launched the United States into what was known as The Great War and later, World War I. Photos and discusison April 2, 2017 on Today's Document on Facebook.

1917, April 6 - the United States declared war on Germany officially entering World War I. Over 150,000 people from Indiana answered the call to serve when the United States entered the Great War. Posted November 16, 2017 on Indiana State Library on Facebook. The brown, doughy color of enlisted soldier's uniforms may have led to them being referred to as ʺdoughboys.ʺ The Price of Freedom: Americans At War World War I at the Smithsonian Nationa Museum of American History Believing Center. See the Joint Resolution at Today's Document posted April 6, 2017 on Facebook. See America Enters the Great War by Mitchell Yockelson published in Spring 2017 by The National Archives.

1917, May 18 - the Selective Service Act passed authorizing the president to increase the military establishment of the United States. Every male living within the United States between the ages of eighteen and forty-five was required to register for the draft.

1917, May 31 - Indiana State Flag - The blue and gold state banner was adopted by the 1917 General Assembly as part of the commemoration of the state's 1916 Centennial celebration, after a competition sponsored by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The winning design was by Paul Hadley of Mooresville, Indiana. The name was changed to flag by the 1955 General Assembly. The dimensions were changed to standard usage. The torch stands for liberty and enlightenment; the rays represent their far-reaching influence. The thirteen stars in a circle represent the original thirteen states; the five stars in the circle represent the next five states; the large star is Indiana, the nineteenth state. The state flag is always displayed on the observer's right of the American flag. See Indiana State Flag Indiana Code: IC 1-2-2-1 and “A Permanent Emblem of Its Own:” The Indiana State Flag & Its Designer by the Indiana Historical Bureau. Read more about the Indiana State Bannerand Paul Hadley, Designer of the Indiana State Flag (1916, adopted 1917) and Mooresvillian posted April 7, 2010 (2014 update) on the Mooresville Public Library Indiana Room blog.

1917, October 26 - the Indiana Supreme Court ruled the state's woman's suffrage law unconstitutional. The court argued that the question of women's suffrage must be left to a constitutional change by the people, rather than by a law from the General Assembly. Three years later, in 1920, Indiana ratified the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution that guaranteed women's suffrage.  Read more about the decision in Hoosier State Chronicles: http://bit.ly/2gM1BvM. Posted October 26, 2017 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook

1917, November 16 - Presidential Proclamation of November 16, 1917, registration of “[a]ll alien enemies,” women included, was required. ... in response to ... Section 4067 of the U.S. Revised Statutes, in effect when the United States entered World War I, provided that “all natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of a hostile nation or government, being males of the age of fourteen years and upwards, who shall be within the United States, and not actually naturalized, shall be liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured, and removed as alien enemies.” Quotes copied from The forms of 1918: Hoosier-style posted on May 21, 2015 by Judy G. Russell on her blog The Legal Genealogist. An Index is online for Genealogical Records of German Families of Allen County, Indiana, 1918 Source: Bloomfield, Virginia F. Jordan. Genealogical Records of German Families in Allen County, Indiana, 1918. Fort Wayne, IN: Fort Wayne Public Library, 1974 on The Genealogy Center web site. The Alien Enemies Act of 1917 A disturbing chapter in the history of Allen County nearly wiped out the city’s rich German heritage by Jim Sack published August 8, 2016 on Fort Wayne Reader. America's long history of restricting immigrants an Opinion published February 5, 2017 on Philly.com.

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1918

Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory 1918, part 1

Fort Wayne, Indiana, city directory 1918, part 2

1918 - First three-color traffic light installed in New York City. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1918, January 12 - 24° the lowest recorded temperature in Fort Wayne. From Fort Wayne Indiana Climate at the National Weather Service. Storms and cold caused four days of “unprecedented suffering,” according to The News-Sentinel, and it could have been worse if the city's fuel supplies hadn't been replenished by the arrival of  20 rail cars of coal on the morning of Jan. 16. Copied from The cold old days published February 2, 2019 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.

Carolina Parakeet
Wikimedia Commons image

1918, February 21 - the last Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo. It was the only parrot species native to the eastern United States. It was found from southern New York and Wisconsin to the Gulf of Mexico, and lived in old forests along rivers. The Carolina Parakeet is believed to have died out because of a number of different threats. Habitat destruction was a large part since they were beneficial to farmers eating cocklburs, but were also hunted by some, their brightly covered feathers were used in womens hats, but the most likely cause was death due to poultry disease. From Carolina Parakeet on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

1918, March 11 - On the morning of March 11, 1918, Private Albert Gitchell reported to the infirmary with complaints of a "bad cold." By noon, over 100 men at the military camp were suffering from the same sickness. These were the first signs of the 1918 influenza pandemic. Copied from a March 11, 2019 post by American Experience on Facebook. Read more about what happened at Fort Riley, Kansas in The First Wave an INFLUENZA 1918 ARTICLE at American Experience.

1918, April 23 - Fort Wayne native 1st Lt. Paul Frank Baer of the U.S. Army Air Service got a fifth kill of an enemy pilot in World War I, which qualified him as the second American flying ace. He became the first Hoosier to do so.  Copied from an April 23, 2019 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook based on 23 April 1918 on ThisDayInAviation.com.

1918, May 31 - the German American National Bank became Lincoln National Bank from Lincoln Bank Tower on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

1918, March 31 - Daylight Saving Time went into effect in the United States for the first time on this date.

1918, April 2 - Indiana prohibition law went into effect at midnight, nearly two years before the 18th Amendment, ratified by Indiana on January 14, 1919, made it illegal to produce, transport, and sell alcohol in the United States. Over 3,500 bars and taverns ceased the sale of alcohol. The state ratified the national prohibition amendment the following January. Learn more at PROHIBITION AND TEMPERENCE at the Indiana State Library. Since the consumption of alcohol was not actually illegal, the customers of speakeasies were rarely arrested during raids. #ISMSpirits October 1, 2014 tweet by Indiana State Museum on Twitter. See photo posted January 14, 2016 by Indiana 2016 on Twitter and Facebook. Photos April 2, 2017 and discussion on Indiana Bicentennial Commission and their link Essay The Road to Prohibition in Indiana via the Indiana Historical Society on Facebook. See photo posted April 2, 2018 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Twitter. Prohibition would end December 5, 1933.

1918, May 16 - U.S. Congress passed the Sedition Act, designed to protect America in World War I. The Act harshly penalized those who insulted the U.S. government, Constitution, flag, and/or military, as well as anyone making false statements that interfered with war. It was orchestrated largely by A. Mitchell Palmer, the United States attorney general under President Woodrow Wilson. Read more on May 16, 2016 Facebook post by Indiana Historical Bureau.

1918, June - Gossip That Costs Human Lives! was the back-cover announcement of Hearst Magazine's June 1918 issue about German propaganda posted November 29, 2017 by the National Archives at Philadelphia on Facebook.

1918 flu poster
Indiana BoH photo

1918, September 26 - the Indianapolis News reported the first case of Spanish Influenza at military training detachments in and around Indianapolis. The city would be infected with over 6,000 cases of the flu that swept the globe during World War I. With a makeshift hospital, outfitted with 300 beds, Fort Benjamin Harrison cared for over 3,000 patients. Indianapolis leaders presented a united front in halting the flu's spread, shop and theater owners complied despite personal loss, and men and women volunteered their services at risk to their own lives. From this first report until the end of November, Indiana lost 3,266 Hoosiers to the illness.  Copied from a September 26, 2018 post with an image of an Indiana State Board of Health influenza poster by the Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. See more about Influenza.

1918, October 1 - a newspaper article says Fireman William Rudolph Hilgeman U.S. Navy was Fort Wayne's first victim of the Spanish Influenza while at the Great Lakes naval training station. He was laid to rest in Lindenwood Cemetery with full military honors. See more about Influenza.

1918 flue poster

1918, October 7 - due to an influenza epidemic, the Indiana Board of Health issued an order banning all public gatherings in the state until October 20, 1918. By the end of November, Indiana had lost 3,266 residents to the disease. However, according to the University of Michigan Center for the History of Medicine, Indianapolis "had an epidemic death rate of 290 per 100,000 people, one of the lowest in the nation," due to “how well Indianapolis as well as state officials worked together to implement community mitigation measures against influenza.” Copied from an October 7, 2018 post by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook. Learn more about the influenza epidemic in Indianapolis here: War, Plague, and Courage: Spanish Influenza at Fort Benjamin Harrison & Indianapolison the Indiana History Blog by the Indiana Historical Bureau. See more about Influenza.

1918, October 26 - state health officials believed that the worst of the 1918 influenza epidemic was over. There were an estimated 350,000 cases resulting in over 10,000 deaths. All public gatherings were banned during the month. For information, documents, and photos about the influenza epidemic on a national and international level, see The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 on Archives.gov or 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Indiana on Indiana.gov. Copied October 26, 2013 from Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook.

1918, November 11 - on "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" in 1918: World War I ends when Germany signs the Armistice in Paris. For more see Topics in Chronicling America - World War I Armistice on The Library of Congress or World War I on The Price of Freedom: Americans at War on Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog. This Day in History, November 11, 1918: World War I Ends 2.5 minute YouTubepublished November 11, 2014 by American Battle Monuments Commission.

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1919

1919 - Fort Wayne Caseys professional basketball team formed. From 1910-1919: The Industrialization Era Timeline: Decade of development and destruction from the Archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.

1919 - future US President Dwight D. Eisenhower skinny-dipped in Lawton Park! A Lieutenant Colonel in the 1919 Transcontinental Motor Transport Corps Convoy they followed the Lincoln Highway from Washington, D.C. to San Francisco testing military equipment, and procedures for cross-country travel. On a warm night in July, the group camped for the night in Fort Wayne's Lawton Park. Few of them had packed swimsuits. Paraphrased from Riverfront Fort Wayne FAQs! Based on the History timeline of the Fort Wayne-Allen County Department of Health (http://www.allencountyhealth.com/about-us/history/) that was probably not a wise idea then, and certainly not by our standards for health now! 

1919, January 14 - Indiana ratifies the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution also called the Prohibition Act. It was passed by Congress December 18, 1917 and ratified January 16, 1919. The ban defined the types of alcoholic beverages prohibited. Private ownership and consumption of alcohol was not illegal. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the 21st Amendment, which repealed the 18th Amendment, ratified on December 5, 1933. The 18th amendment is the only amendment to ever be repealed. Prohibition in the United States on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia states Anti-prohibitionists ("wets") criticized the alcohol ban as an intrusion of mainly rural Protestant ideals on a central aspect of urban, immigrant and Catholic everyday life. The Senate proposed the Eighteenth Amendment on December 18, 1917. Having been approved by 36 states, the 18th Amendment was ratified on January 16, 1919 and effected on January 16, 1920. See photo posted January 14, 2016 by Indiana 2016 on Twitter and Facebook. Similar post January 14, 2019 by Indiana Historical Bureau on Facebook

1919, February 17 - three months after the armistice that ended World War I, the Hoosier State became one of fourteen states to ban the teaching of German to children, a crime punishable by fines and imprisonment. WHEN INDIANA BANNED THE GERMAN LANGUAGE IN 1919 by Stephen J. Taylor published August 26, 2015 in the Indiana Historic Newspaper Digitization, Labor History, World War I on Hoosier State Chronicles - Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program.

1919, February 25 - Indiana Governor James P. Goodrich signed into law State Senator Franklin McCray's anti-German language act, which forbade elementary schools from teaching the language. The statute also prohibited correctional schools, parochial schools, and benevolent organizations from teaching German. Indiana became one of fourteen states to ban the teaching of German to children. The legislation was a reflection of the strong anti-German sentiment stemming from World War I. Many Americans considered retention of German language and culture in the midst of war as un-American. During this time, German-language newspapers folded, German names of streets or places changed (e.g Das Deutsche Haus became the Athenaeum), German surnames were Anglicized, churches were pressured to conduct their services in English, and even dachshunds came under attack because of their German origins. Learn more about the anti-German language act here: WHEN INDIANA BANNED THE GERMAN LANGUAGE IN 1919 by Stephen J. Taylor published August 26, 2015 on Hoosier State Chronicles - Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program. For more see our German Heritage page.

1919, February 26 - President Woodrow Wilson established the Grand Canyon National Park on this date in 1919, after a 30-year opposition from ranchers, miners, and entrepreneurs. Today, the Grand Canyon National Park covers more than 1,900 square miles; the canyon itself is 277 river miles long, 10 miles wide, and a mile deep. The park receives 5 million visitors every year. From The History Center quote from 2013 The Writer's Almanac.

1919, February and March -  the Indiana legislature passed two laws banning German from being taught in any public, private or parochial schools. Read more on September 27, 2013 Friday Fact on Indiana Genenealogical Society on Facebook. The McCray Bill passed in 1919, but was lifted in 1923. Read When Indiana Banned German in 1919 on Hoosier State Chronicles - Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program.

1919 - War work of the Fort Wayne chapter of the American Red Cross (1919) - Taylor, Isabella Houghton, Mrs. Archive.org ebook

1919, June 4 - the 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote passes Congress, and ratified on August 18, 1920. A pin, a bracelet, and 5 of our online resources on women's right to vote - pins were given to women who were jailed for picketing the White House for woman suffrage. From March 14, 2013 Smithsonian National Museum of American History blog. The 19th Amendment at 100: Sharing the Story by Hilary Parkinson published June 3, 2019 on Pieces of History a blog of the National Archives.

1919, October 28 - the Senate approved the National Prohibition Act, aka the Volstead Act, aka the 18th Amendment that prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic liquors. It remained in effect until repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933.

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