T Named Places in Allen County, Indiana

Talking Sidewalks

In 2008, the City of Fort Wayne developed Barr Street from Wayne to Main, adding quotes carved into new brick along the sidewalks and a Ribbon of Community alongside the east wall what would become Citizen’s Square, formerly Wolf and Dessauer. Copied from Talking Sidewalks including some photos by Nancy McCammon-Hansen published June 16, 2014 in History Center Notes & Queries blog.


The History of Fort Wayne’s Bars and Taverns: From the Jesuits to World War II 15 page paper by David B. Lupkep presented October 2, 2015  at the Fort Wayne Quest Club.

Taylor University

Internet Archivehas dozens of publications for Taylor University similar to the one below.

Taylor by Taylor University Publication date 1993 on Archive.org.


200@200: The First Phone Book and Oldest Telephone in Allen County posted May 7, 2016 by WANE 15 News on YouTube.

Early communication between the citizens of Allen County was labored and conducted primarily through letters and personal interactions. This all changed with the arrival of telephone to Fort Wayne in 1879. Eventually there were multiple telephone companies with in the city and one of the largest was Home Telephone and Telegraph Company. The company was incorporated in October 1886 with local stockholders, with the primary purpose of providing a more extended service at a lower price than its competitors. The chief promoters of this new company were Charles S. Bash, William J. Vesey, Charles McCulloch, Samuel M. Foster, George W. Beers and Christian Hettler. By 1900, Home Telephone had grown and acquired the National Telephone and Telegraph Company. Through this expansion, they now had exchanges in Ohio, Michigan and more in Indiana. The company continued to grow and service the people of Allen County until 1956 when it was taken over by the General Telephone Company of Indiana. Later this company would be taken over by GTE (1984-2000) and Verizon (2000-2009, following the merger of GTE and Bell Atlantic). The vision and foresight of the founders of the Home Telephone and Telegraph Company still lives on in our community through Frontier Communications (2009-present). Copied from an October 6, 2022 post with photos by The History Center on Facebook.


Movie Theaters in Fort Wayne, IN has links to 31 closed movie theaters on Cinema Treasures. Fort Wayne, Indiana Theaters on Cinema Tour also lists some addresses and photos on Cinemas Around the World. Searching for Theatres and Theater finds several photos and discussions on You know you've lived in Fort Wayne too long when... Private Facebook group.

See more local Theaters such as the Broadway Theatre, Clyde Theatre, Embassy Theatre, Holiday Theater, Jefferson Theatre, Palace Theatre, Rialto Theatre, and Paramount Theatre.

Thieme Drive Overlook

West of downtown Fort Wayne at the north end of Thieme Drive on the east bank of the Saint Mary’s River. Read Thieme Drive Overlook by Tom Castaldi published December 29, 2015 in History Center Notes & Queries blog.

Three Rivers Apartments

Three Rivers Apartments with Image:1966 was posted January 20, 2018 in Fort Wayne Readerby Randy Harter, Fort Wayne historian and author, who gave Allen INGenWeb permission to copy his posts and again January 21, 2018 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.

This article was written for and is courtesy of Fort Wayne Reader newspaper

While Mayor Harold Zeis (1964-71) gets most of the credit (or blame) for the 1960’s downtown redevelopment, it was Mayor Paul Mike Burns (1960-63) who had commissioned the detailed study of the city’s urban structures and housing that was completed in 1962 by the Rhode Island urban planning firm of Blair and Stein Associates. When Zeis came to office, he focused significant city government time and energy — in addition to developing new residential housing units in distressed areas — to the leveling and renewal of the area bounded by Main, Superior, Calhoun and the Maumee River.

In 1965, The Fort Wayne Redevelopment Commission sold property for the initiative’s first downtown urban renewal project, which covered 5.6 acres at the east end of Superior and Columbia streets to the Three Rivers Development Corp. for $250,000. On this ground was then built Three Rivers Apartments which had the financial backing of Indiana & Michigan Electric Co., several of whose executives were also officers of the newly formed development company.

This kickoff to downtown’s redevelopment eliminated the 400 block east of both of those two streets that had been home to the Borden’s Ice Cream plant (now Edy’s - which relocated to North Wells St.), warehouses for the Grand Leader and W & D’s department stores, Pettit Transfer & Storage Co., Hagerman Construction and National Mill Supply, all of whose buildings were subsequently razed.

Designed by the Silver Spring, MD architectural firm Cohen, Haft & Assoc., Ted Hagerman, Hagerman Construction (who took part in the September 1965 groundbreaking), was the general contractor on the twin-14 story, $6M project. In addition to the two luxury apartment buildings and huge above street level heated swimming pool, they constructed an underground parking garage that held 250 cars and then put the complex’s surface parking lot on top of it. The image shown was taken in September of 1966, exactly one year after groundbreaking, and shows Hagerman’s crews pouring the tenth floor of the east building, with the 1930’s filtration plant in the background.

Through the years the buildings have been carefully maintained and continually updated, and the 354 units (covering 17 different floor plans) from 506 sq. ft. to over 3,000 sq. ft. are still considered to be downtown’s “Luxury” apartments, and have the amenities and views to prove it. While it’s amusing today to read the brochures from the buildings’ grand openings in the summer of 1967 where they tout “Appliances are finished in the very newest Avocado color”, and that  “All TV’s get channels 15, 21 and 33”, current management assures me that all the avocado appliances disappeared many years ago and you can now have all the TV channels you want.

A tip of the hat to Eric Tripp for sharing this image.

Randy Harter, Fort Wayne historian and author,

Three Rivers Festival

Newspaper article about Three Rivers Festival
July 13, 1969 front page The Journal Gazette

The Three Rivers Festival is an annual 9-day celebration of our Northeast Indiana community. Events include a televised Parade, a Fine Arts show, Crafters' Market, a unique Bed Race, children's & senior's mini-fests, live entertainment, International Village, tasty concessions, Raft Race, the Waiter-Waitress Contest, Marketplace, and a fabulous Fireworks Finale, which adds up to memory-making fun for the whole family! Website: https://www.threeriversfestival.org, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ThreeRiversFestival/. A week long festival in downtown Fort Wayne began July 12, 1969. At the first Three Rivers Festival in 1969, an estimated 100,000 people enjoyed a grand parade, and 60 events on the Columbia Street Landing. Copied from Three Rivers Festival of Fort Wayne originally submitted by: Mark E. Souder, Representative (4th District) at Local Legacies at The Library of Congress. An article was on the front page of the July 13, 1969 The Journal Gazette newspaper. On the banks of the St. Joseph River, 10,000 people gathered to watch a river parade. Copied from TRF through the years by Corey McMaken published July 13, 2018 with photos in The Journal Gazette newspaper. The WLYW raft race in the 1970s was very popular and was the second most highly attended outdoor event behind the Indianapolis 500 race. A 1972 raft race photo shows the large crowds on the banks of the St. Joseph River on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook. The raft race ended in 1998 after many successful years. Various reasons given were rowdy crowds, dirty river water, someone drowned, and insurance issues. Due to popular demand the race returned in 2013 when the riverfront development movement began. Website: www.threeriversfestival.org, Facebook page: Three Rivers Festival.

  1. Photos of first annual 1969 TRF paper placemat was posted July 21, 2018 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook
  2. Raft Race Returns To TRF by Eric Dutkiewicz, Emily Dwire, and Rachel Martin published July 20, 2013 on ABC WPTA21.com TV station
  3. Revived Raft Race draws more than 60 teams by Matthew Glowicki published July 22, 2013 on The News-Sentinel newspaper
  4. 2013 Three Rivers Raft Race [Gallery 49 Photos] byDasFort published July 21, 2013, July 22, 2013 by tonyfranz.
  5. Discussed July 5, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.
  6. Three Rivers Festival, Indiana (Images of Modern America Series) 50th anniversary book by Lori Graf was promoted May 31, 2018 on the Three Rivers Festival Facebook page.
  7. Some historic photos posted July 11, 2018 by The History Center.Three Rivers Festival turns 50: Fort Wayne’s fun event by the numbers
  8. Three Rivers Festival turns 50: Fort Wayne’s fun event by the numbers by Lisa M Esquivel Long published July 11, 2018 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.
  9. Great memories, stories part of Fort Wayne man’s nearly 50 years of volunteering with the Three Rivers Festival by Kevin Kilbane published July 13, 2018 in The News-Sentinel newspaper. Dave Auman has gone to the Three Rivers Festival for 48 years. He and founding board member Tommie Manny were honorary grand marshals for the 50th anniversary.
  10. TRF through the years by Corey McMaken published July 13, 2018 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
  11. Three Rivers Festival turns 50: Created as showcase of civic pride for Fort Wayne, its future could include wintertime fun by Lisa M Esquivel Long published July 13, 2018 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.
  12. July 14, 2018 a photo of every festival badge since 1974 was posted on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.
  13. July 14, 2018 Three Rivers Festival parade video was posted on Facebook by Fort Wayne's NBC Focused on the Fort originally WKJG.

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Three Rivers Filtration Plant

Three Rivers Filtration plant photo

The Three Rivers Water Filtration Plant was constructed at the confluence of Fort Wayne's three rivers in 1933. When it was built, it had the capacity to produce 24 million gallons of treated water per day (MGD). Since the original construction there have been two major additions: a 24 MGD expansion in 1955 and a 24 MGD addition in 1981. The total capacity of the Plant today is 72 million gallons per day, enough to supply the needs of Fort Wayne for at least the next 10 to 15 years. Copied from Three Rivers Filtration Plant on City of Fort Wayneweb site. See the Three Rivers Filtration Plant fact sheet  on the City of Fort Waynewebsite.

  1. Water Filtration Plant Audio: “Filtration Plant” featuring Tom Castaldi. Courtesy of 89.1 WBOI in the Landmark series by ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage).
  2. Mayor Hosey’s Three Rivers Water Plant by Tom Castaldi published July 10, 2014 in the History Center Notes & Queries blog.
  3. Three Rivers Filtration Plant - 1933 by Randy Harter, Fort Wayne historian and author, published July 5, 2018 in Fort Wayne Reader, then discussed July 8, 2018 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.
  4. See photos and a short history posted August 1, 2018 by The History Centeron Facebook.

Threshing and Steam Machines

Several articles over the years mentioning Fort Wayne can be found online in various issues of Farm Collector Newsletter.

  1. Reader Photos: Old Steam Shows - Steam Traction - Farm Collector ... of the shows held at Jim Whitbey's farm near Fort Wayne, Indiana in the 1950s. ... number of traction engines that were displayed at steam shows in Ft. Wayne, ...
  2. Full Head of Steam at Maumee Valley - Steam Engines - Farm ..., In 1954 the Old Time Threshers and Sawmill Operators Association held its first show in a field north of Fort Wayne, Ind. In 1978 the club moved to Jefferson ...
  3. Second Reunion of the Midwest Old Settlers and Threshers ..., Mr. Whitbey is from Fort Wayne, Ind. This engine is equippped with a locomotive bell and whistle of a scrapped locomotive PRR engine No. 5407. Mr. Ted Griner ...
  4. TRACTOR PAGE, , January 1957, Fort Wayne, Indiana. The Sixth Annual Reunion of 'The Old Time Threshers and Sawmill Operators, Inc.,' was held on the James Whitbey farm near Fort Wayne ...
  5. Reunion Report, , November 1957... seventh annual Old Time Threshers and Saw Mill Operators Reunion at the James Whitbey farm near Fort Wayne, Indiana, August 15, 16, 17 and 18, 1957.
  6. Iron Man Of The Month, , September 1969, Thus it is that another wonderful day is begun at the Old Time Threshers and Sawmillers on the Jim Whitby farm, near Fort Wayne, Ind., with all heads bared and ...
  7. fourth annual reunion of the old time threshers and sawmill operators, , Keck-Gonnerman; James Whitbey, Fort Wayne, Ind., 20 hp. M. Rumley and 6 hp. Leffel upirght; Charles and Jim Winebrinner, Ligonier, Ind., 16 hp. Advance.
  8. The Old Time Threshers and Sawmill Operators, Inc., , R. R. 13, Fort Wayne, Indiana. The Old Time Threshers and Sawmill Operators held its 20th annual Reunion in August 1970 on the Jim Whitbey Farm near Fort ...
  9. 1971 report of the old time threshers and sawmill operators, 1971, 11710 Johnson Road, R. R. 13, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46808. The 21st Annual Show of The Old Time Threshers and Sawmill Operators was held August 12, 13,  ...
  10. HARRY WOODMANSEE AND STEAM SHOWS, 'I was up north of Fort Wayne, Indiana, at the reunion on the farm of Jim Whitbey there on Carroll and Johnson Roads. Whitbey was a retired engineer off the ...

Time Corners

Often confused as "Times Corner" or "Times Corners" at the intersection of 3 roads, Getz Road, Covington Road, and Jefferson Blvd. It refers to a former Standard gas station with one clock. The area now has several shopping centers including Time Corner shopping center. Over the years, various newspaper articles discussed the name origin, but none are currently online. There was a December 28, 2014 discussion on the original Great Memories and History of Fort Wayne, Indiana page on Facebook. The original clock was located in 2016 in Columbia City and discussed in a June 26, 2016 on You know you've lived in Fort Wayne too long when... Private Facebook group. Several Time Corner discussions often with photos are on True Fort Wayne Indiana History on Facebook including a October 19, 2022 discussion with a newspaper clipping showing an advertisement by the owner at the time Ray Mutton. Time Corners search on Facebook produces some results.

Tin Village

Discussed on our World War II page.

Fred Toenges Shoes & Pedorthics

Was on 2415 Hobson Road after originally founded on Maumee Avenue. Family putting feet first for 125 years by Vivian Sade published October 23, 2016 on The Journal Gazette newspaper. Fred Toenges celebrates 125th anniversary Individual service and pedorthics specialty sustain business as it faces much larger competitors. by Jonathan Robison published October 25, 2016 in The News-Sentinel newspaper.

Toidey Company

Started as Juvenile Wood Products Inc. on Taylor Street, by Gertrude Muller in the 1920s when she saw the need for folding toilet seats for children.

Tokheim Manufacturing Company

Founded in 1901 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Tokheim moved to Fort Wayne in 1918. The Gas Pump Showcase by Scott Anderson - The History of John J. Tokheim and the Tokheim Manufacturing Company in the November 2002 issue on Petroleum Collectibles Monthly covers the pre-Fort Wayne history. Was at one time the world's largest producer of gasoline pumps. Tokheim lost its listing on the New York Stock Exchange in 2000, when it first filed for bankruptcy. On August 6, 2003, Tokheim Corporation went out of business as per its Chapter 11 liquidation filing under bankruptcy when it had 3,700 employees according to Company Overview of Tokheim Corporation on Bloomberg.com. The Fort Wayne plant closed February 28, 2006 Tokheim to close in Fort Wayne today published February 28, 2006 on KPCNews.com. See condensed timeline history in An Illustrated Guide To Gas Pumps: Identification And Price Guide by Jack Sim. Tokheim on Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Tokheim Oil Tank and Pump Company in World War Two posted February 5, 2022 on USAutoIndustryWorldWarTwo.com posted October 23, 2022 on True Fort Wayne Indiana History on Facebook.

Transfer Corner

Intersection of Main and Calhoun streets was the busiest corner in Fort Wayne from the 1890s to the 1960s, here all the trolleys (and later buses) converged from their various routes.

  1. The Allen County Public Library Digital Collections at the Allen County Public Library has several photos.
  2. Transfer Corner Stop #3 is on the Central Downtown Trail 19 stops on the Heritage Trail by ARCH ( Architecture and Community Heritage).
  3. The Transfer Corner marker photos, Google Map Street View image, and more at The Historical Marker Datatbase HMdb.org.
  4. The Transfer Corner posted August 15, 2013 by Tom Castaldi on the History Center Notes & Queries blog.
  5. The Transfer Building by Kevin Leininger from the archives of The News-Sentinel newspaper.
  6. Over a dozen photos and discussion September 30, 2017 and October 29, 2018 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.
  7. Similar photo from the 1950s and 2017 compared by Daniel Baker on flickr.com.
  8. Photo posted October 25, 2018 by Hofer and Davis, Inc. Land Surveyors on Facebook stated: For Throwback Thursday we share this picture of Transfer Corner at Main and Calhoun. At the turn of the 20th Century you can see Interurban Trains, street cars and horse drawn carts. That is the Courthouse on the left and Riegels Pipe and Tobacco on the Northeast corner of Calhoun and Main, where you used to have the City County Building, or The Rousseau Centre now. BTW...Hofer and Davis provided the boundary and topographic surveys for the City - County Building.
  9. More information under Interurban Railroad.


Street trees affect the look and character of neighborhoods. Allen County was once a virgin primeval forest, trees were cut down for wood products, farmland and cities, then replanted with often different non-native species of trees as more homes and businesses were built. See our Timelines page for more information about historical trees. Street Trees at City of Fort Wayne Parks & Recreation.

Indian Trail Marker Trees, Lost Secrets of History. posted Jun 15, 2021 by Dean Cornett on YouTube
Please watch the follow up video on the Indian Marker Trees and How to Age Them. More detailed. LINK : How To Age a Tree without Cutting it Down and more on Indian Trail marker Trees. These Indian Trail Marker Trees at one time where everywhere in and around the Forrest of North America. A look at who made them, How they made them and Why. They are slowly dyeing off now due to their age and so are their secrets of why they are there. Thanks for watching.

Chestnut blight in the early 1900s, Dutch elm disease in the 1950s, and emerald ash borer in the early 2000s have decimated those species of trees. News reports continue to discuss new discoveries of alien species that could become future problems.

American Ash trees

The July 5, 2012 video with Chad Tinkel Fort Wayne Manager of Forestry stated 23% of city street trees were ash trees prior to the arrival of the emerald ash borer.

Google map with photos on Street View 2022 from the MLK, Martin Luther King, bridge has this October 2016 Street View showing fall colors.
An October 4, 2022 photo posted by Visit Fort Wayne on Facebook also showed the hybrid Autmn Purple ash trees lining Clinton Street at Headwaters Park. They have been treated since 2006 to prevent ash borer damage, from the Chad Tinkel video around 3:40 mark, and are some of the few ash trees remaing in the Fort Wayne area.

Can We Save Ash Trees from the Emerald Ash Borer? posted Aug 20, 2014 by Entomological Society of America on YouTube.
This was the winning video for the Outreach Category of the 2014 ESA YouTube Your Entomology contest. It was produced by David Showalter, a PhD student with the Department of Plant Pathology at The Ohio State University, and by Michael Falk, an MS student with the Department of Entomology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. An invasive beetle known as the emerald ash borer is threatening to eliminate ash trees from North American and European forests, but researchers at The Ohio State University and partner institutions are working to breed trees that can defend themselves.

  1. Green Ash one of 100 trees on the Native Trees of Indiana River Walk at Purdue University Fort Wayne. Description: The most widely distributed of North American Ash, it is naturally found in swampy woods or on stream banks. Relatively free from insects and disease, and will grow in difficult conditions. Used in revegetation of strip mining areas. Leaves have 5 to 7 stalked leaflets. Many cultivars are available for landscape uses. The Emerald Ash Borer has been found in Indiana! This insect, accidentally introduced from Asia, is lethal to all native Ash species, and the potential for destruction of native Ash trees rivals that of Dutch Elm Disease on American Elm.
  2. White Ash one of 100 trees on the Native Trees of Indiana River Walk at Purdue University Fort Wayne. Description: The tree that “powers our national pastime,” White Ash furnishes the wood from which Louisville Slugger baseball bats are crafted. Leaves have 5 to 7 stalked leaflets. Many cultivars are available for landscape uses. The Emerald Ash Borer has been found in Indiana! This insect, accidentally introduced from Asia, is lethal to all native Ash species, and the potential for destruction of native Ash trees rivals that of Dutch Elm Disease on American Elm. ID That Tree: White Ash on Forestry & Natural Resources at Purdue/frn/extension.edu.
  3. Fort Wayne records benefit Purdue researchers in fighting emerald ash borer Doug Leduc, Greater Fort Wayne Business Weekly, Tuesday, August 16, 2016 on Indiana Economic Digest. The first section of the article states: Fort Wayne started losing what eventually would amount to at least 15,000 trees to the emerald ash borer a decade ago. But, the city’s excellent records of the pest’s damage could help save up to 1 billion ash trees in other cities across the county. Records kept by the Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation Department helped a five-member team at Purdue University predict the progression of ash decline over time and conclude that saving the trees early is less costly than replacing them. The team was led by Cliff Sadof, an entomology professor, and Matt Ginzel, an associate professor. It used Fort Wayne’s well-kept records because the Summit City was the first sizable community where trees were attacked by the pest after it arrived in Indiana in 2004. The first U.S. sighting of the beetle was in 2002 in Ohio. It was found in Fort Wayne in 2006 “when we were just figuring out how to control these things and were experimenting with treatments,” Sadof said. “At first we didn’t know how to protect the tree,” he said. “Then, we had to figure out how to do it and make it cost effective. We thought it was going to be a nightmare.”
    1. Support Our Parks page at City of Fort Wayne Parks & Recreation states: TREE CANOPY REPLACEMENT: Our city has faced a major challenge resulting from the destructive effects of the Emerald Ash Borer. Our park strips and parks have lost tree canopy. This is a huge project and one that will not end until the ash tree population is replaced.
    2. A couple of newspaper articles no longer online were City offers discount to remove street ash trees published April 04, 2013, and As a result of the emerald ash borer killing thousands of city ash trees. City crews have removed thousands of the ash trees that once lined the streets of Fort Wayne, but it could take years to remove the 5,000 that remain copied from City’s ash borer war approaching $3 million published August 16, 2013 both by Dan Stockman in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
    3. Hour long video Municipal EAB Management Series: Memo to City Managers Sep 23, 2015 by Emerald Ash Borer University on YouTube
      Presented by Chad Tinkel, Manager of Forestry, City of Fort Wayne, IN on November 29, 2012

    4. 23% of Fort Wayne city street trees were ash trees from Trees Indiana - Fort Wayne Emerald Ash Borer Info Jul 5, 2012 by TreesIndiana1 on YouTube
      Presented by Chad Tinkel, Manager of Forestry, City of Fort Wayne, IN

  4. Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) is an exotic beetle that feeds on ash (Fraxinus sp.) trees. Larvae feed in the phloem and outer sapwood, producing galleries that eventually girdle and kill branches and entire trees. This native of Asia was first discovered in southeastern Michigan in July 2002. On April 21, 2004, EAB was confirmed in Indiana. Since that time, this forest pest has spread throughout Indiana and the surrounding states. EAB has been detected in all 92 counties. Copied from Emerald Ash Borer at the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
  5. The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis or EAB) is responsible for the destruction of tens of millions of ash trees in 30 states. Native to Asia, it likely arrived in the United States hidden in wood packing materials. The first U.S. identification of Emerald Ash Borer was in southeastern Michigan in 2002. There are a variety of treatment options that can serve as a control measure for the EAB, but they are not a cure. Because pesticide regulations differ from State to State, homeowners should contact their State department of agriculture or local extension office for guidance. Copied from Emerald Ash Borer Beetle at Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service U.S. Department of Agriculture
  6. tiny parasitic wasp
    USDA Agricultural Research Service photo
      July 16, 2022 the USDA Agricultural Research Service on Facebook posted: The invasive emerald ash borer has killed hundreds of millions of ash trees in North America since 2002. Fortunately, a tiny parasitic wasp is a promising candidate for controlling the invasive, wood-boring pest. Click to learn more https://go.usa.gov/xSTzZ.

American Chestnut tree

AMERICAN CHESTNUT BLIGHT - Greatest forest loss in history posted Nov 10, 2011 by Dean Cornett on YouTube
There were once almost 4 billion American chestnuts and they were among the largest, tallest, and fastest-growing trees in the eastern forest. The wood was long-lasting, straight-grained, and suitable for furniture, fencing, and building. The nuts fed billions of birds and animals. It was almost a perfect tree - that is, until it was killed by a blight a century ago. That blight has been called the greatest ecological disaster to strike the world's forests in all of history. A tree that had survived all adversaries for 40 million years had disappeared within 40.

  1. American Chestnut one of 100 trees on the Native Trees of Indiana River Walk at Purdue University Fort Wayne. Description: Once the dominant tree throughout the eastern deciduous forests of the United States where it grew to impressive dimensions of height and width. In the early 1900's, a fungal disease was introduced from Asia. By 1940, the mighty Chestnut trees had been decimated by this disease. The American Chestnut Cooperators' Foundation works toward developing blight-resistant American Chestnuts and biological controls against Chestnut Blight.
  2. The American chestnut was once common in the Oak-Chestnut dry woodlands of the eastern United States. Chestnut blight – a fungal disease (introduced from trees from China) at the Bronx Zoo in New York in 1904 – killed approximately 3.5 billion American chestnut trees in less than 50 years. Chestnuts are considered functionally extinct because the blight fungus does not kill the tree's root system underground. American chestnuts attempt to survive by sending up stump sprouts that grow vigorously in logged or otherwise disturbed sites but inevitably succumb to the blight and die back to the ground. It is very rare to find even a stump sprout chestnut in the forest. Chestnuts were fast-growing, rot-resistant, and the wood was used to make cabin logs, barns, furniture, fence posts and railroad ties. Sweet, acorn-size nuts were prized by wildlife. Copied from a longer article Chestnut blight keeps trees from growing locally by Ricky Kemery published Nov 23, 2021 Updated Jun 3, 2022 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
  3. Mid-19th century photo American chestnut tree
    American Chestnut Foundation photo
    Sometimes reaching a height of more than 100 feet tall with trunk diameters often well over 10 feet, the American chestnut was the giant of the eastern U.S. forests. There were once billions of them and their range stretched from Georgia and Alabama to Michigan, but the majestic tree was gone before forest science existed to document its role in the ecosystem. Notes left by early foresters including Gifford Pinchot, the founder and first chief of the USDA Forest Service, suggest that its ecological role was as impressive as the tree’s size [shown on cover of Realistic Restoration Targets] (PDF, 1.3 MB). Mature American chestnuts have been virtually extinct for decades. The tree’s demise started with something called ink disease in the early 1800s, which steadily killed chestnut in the southern portion of its range. The final blow happened at the turn of the 20th century when a disease called chestnut blight swept through Eastern forests. The disappearance of the chestnut launched a profound change in the structure and composition of eastern forests. Copied from a longer article What it Takes to Bring Back the Near Mythical American Chestnut Trees posted by Jane Hodgins, Public Affairs Specialist, Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service in Forestry Jul 29, 2021 at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  4. The American Chestnut Foundation https://acf.org/
  5. The American chestnut was wiped out a century ago. Could it make a comeback? by Jacob Fenston posted October 18, 2021on NPR Station WAMU 88.5 an NPR station.

American Chestnut Trees once the Pride of the Appalachia's posted Jul 26, 2022 by DONNIE LAWS on YouTube

The American Chestnut Oak tree was the pride of the Appalachian Mountains. Among the most common and tallest trees of the mountains from Maine to Mississippi. These people depended on these tress for their livelihood and way of life. Thanks for watching. NOTE: Some pictures are just to tell the story and not the actual pictures.

American Elm tree

The Story of the American Elm posted Apr 23, 2020 by Wake County, North Carolina on YouTube
Park staff had originally planned to hold a program for Arbor Day, which is being celebrated on April 24th. We planned to explore the history of this special day; examine the importance of trees to daily life; look at some of the threats facing trees today; and take a walk to see different notable trees in the park. With April programs now cancelled, we wanted to share part of that program with you through this video about the American elm tree that can be found in the park mill yard. We hope you will enjoy it!

  1. American Elm one of 100 trees on the Native Trees of Indiana River Walk at Purdue University Fort Wayne. Description: Once used extensively as a street tree, in its best form American Elm is vase-shaped and strongly arched above with drooping branches. Dutch Elm Disease, a wilt fungus introduced from Europe in the 1930’s and spread by Elm Bark Beetles, caused the devastation of most trees, and continues to cause losses among remaining trees.
  2. Dutch elm disease is caused from a fungus carried on the bodies of beetles. It has wiped out the elms in many large cities in the East. Only one case was noted here in 1949; two in 1950; four each in 1951 and 1952; and three in 1953. In 1954 the department discovered 23 dead elms and in 1955, some 334 were removed! Yesterday [August 9, 1956] it was reported than 198 trees have had to be removed thus far this season. There were an estimated 14,000 elms in the city. Copied from a longer article Aug. 10, 1956: Taking down an elm tree by Corey McMaken with a photo showing an elm tree being cut down, published Feb 4, 2021 updated Jun 6, 2022 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.
  3. In 1959 alone, 1,328 elms were removed, including 1,081 along streets, according to a 1960 Journal Gazette story. In 1959, staff was added and new mechanical equipment was bought to help in the fight, such as a mobile aerial tower for the removal of tree limbs. The first three years of the battle cost the city about $120,000, according to the 1960 JG story. Copied from a longer article Elm disease consumed decades Corey McMaken published Aug 26, 2021 updated Jun 6, 2022 in The Journal Gazette newspaper.

Trier Amusement Park

Moved their dance house after Robison Park closed, bought the Blue Streak roller coaster from Robison Park in 1919 and was popular until the entire park burned down in early 1950s. See August 24, 2015 discussion on You know you've lived in Fort Wayne too long when... Private Facebook group. A March 21, 2017 and June 2, 2017 discussion and postcard posted March 27, 2017 and June 19, 2017 discussion on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.

Trelleborg Sealing Solutions

Founded in 1952. headquarters is located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, with an on-site, industry-leading Research and Development Center and Materials Test Lab. Also based in Fort Wayne is the Supply Chain Management Americas, a 90,000 square-foot facility using the latest warehouse management technology, incorporating bar coding and RF scanning to boost productivity and expedite customer orders. From their Company Americas Facts page.

Trolley Yard

Trolley Yard/North Side High School/Centlivre Brewery 1927 by Randy Harter, Fort Wayne historian and author, published March 16, 2018 in Fort Wayne Reader. See Interurban on our Railroad page.

Troy Laundry Building

1717 S Calhoun Street. Photo of terra cotta decorations posted September 24, 2017 on You are positively from Fort Wayne, if you remember... Archived group on Facebook.

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